The French interior in the eighteenth century
The eighteenth century was a period of great inventiveness and originality in French decorative arts and interior decoration, and its crowning achievement was the creation of the domestic interior. Using the craftsmen and skills originally brought into France from Italy and the Low Countries to serve the Sun King, French aristocrats and financiers created in their Paris Hotels and country chateaux interiors of an unprecedented elegance and sophistication. The same can be said of the works of art that completed these rooms - furniture decorated with marquetry or lacquer, gilt-bronzes, silver, the finest porcelain, of which none was finer than Sevres, tapestries and carpets from the Savonnerie, the Gobelins, Beauvais and Aubusson, and beautiful silks and upholstery. This book discusses in detail the creation and contents of many such interiors, including some that have never been photographed before. Using contemporary inventories, letters, and journals, it brings to life the tastes and preoccupations of their creators - the Royal family, the aristocracy, the fashionable tourists, and the nouveaux riches, the dealers and craftsmen who worked for them, the artists, designers, and architects, both in their public lives and more private moments. In addition it explores the wider context of the different styles of decoration, the effect upon them of changes in etiquette and social behavior, and the effect they had in turn upon the function and arrangement of rooms within the French interior.
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Academie de Saint antichambre appartement arabesque architect architectural artists Batiments bedroom bleu bleu celeste Blondel Boucher bronze bronzier cabinet candelabra candlesticks cartoons carved chairs chambre Charles Cressent Chateau chimneypiece Chinese circa clock colours commode Comte console tables craftsmen Daguerre dealers decoration designs Dugourc ebenistes eighteenth century elaborate employed engravings example exotic factory factory's figures fireplace flowers frames French furniture Garde-Meuble garlands Germain gilded gilt gilt-bronze mounts giltwood Gobelins gold gout grec grand guild Hotel imitation interior Jacques Caffieri Japanese lacquer King lacquer looking-glasses Louis XV Madame de Pompadour Madame du Barry manufacture marble marchand-mercier Marie Antoinette marquetry Meissen menuisier meubles mirror motifs mouldings neoclassical objects ordered overdoors painted painter panels paper Paris Petit pieces plaques rococo Royal Saint Luc salon Savonnerie sculpture Sevres Sevres porcelain shape silk silver style supplied tapestry tenture toilette tureens upholstery vases vernis Versailles Vincennes wall lights woven XV's