The French Monarchy (1483-1789)

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University Press, 1900 - France

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Page 321 - Edited by GW PROTHERO, Litt.D., LL.D., Honorary Fellow of King's College, Cambridge, and formerly Professor of History in the University of Edinburgh. The Volumes already published are indicated by an asterisk, those not so marked are in hand, for which orders are registered, and others will be added from time to time.
Page 148 - ... say, for making a man ambassador, minister, or general, rather on account of his devotedness than of his capacity or experience. He saw the danger of inducing hypocrisy by placing devotion too high as a qualification for employ. It was he who was not afraid to say publicly, in the salon of Marly, " that a king is made for his subjects, and not the subjects for him...
Page 273 - ... many taxes, which often amounted to sixty per cent of his earnings. The government was absolute, but rotten and tottering; the people, oppressively and unjustly governed, were just beginning to be conscious of their condition and to seek the cause of it, while the educated classes were saturated with revolutionary doctrines which not only destroyed their loyalty to the old institutions, but created constant aspirations toward new ones. Thus, when Louis XVI., a mere boy, began to reign, the whole...
Page 65 - THE REVOCATION OF THE EDICT OF NANTES We now see with the proper gratitude what we owe to God . . . for the best and largest part of our subjects of the so-called reformed religion have embraced Catholicism, and now that, to the extent that the execution of the Edict of Nantes...
Page 19 - ... a 1'independance divine)." His Discourse on Universal History is in some respects the most notable of all his works. It is perhaps the first clear statement of the continuity and unity of History. "Universal History," he writes, "is to the histories of each country and people what a general map is to special maps.
Page 272 - ... confusion of their business ; and secondly the prodigious number of those exempt from taxation, the army of privileged persons who claim to be free from the ordinary taxation of the realm." And Taine after examining the system on the eve of the Revolution writes, " Why is the taxation so burdensome?... What renders the charge overwhelming is the fact that the strongest and those best able to bear taxation succeed in evading it, the prime cause of misery being their exemption.
Page 66 - ... filled all the realm with perjury and sacrilege, in the midst of the echoed cries of these unfortunate victims of error, while so many others sacrificed their conscience to their wealth and their repose, and purchased both by simulated abjuration, from which without pause they were dragged to adore what they did not believe in, and to receive the divine body of the Saint of Saints...
Page 268 - ... are to be required from all citizens on pain of banishment. We cannot follow any further ramifications of the theory. It did not merely gain an intellectual adherence from many, but inspired a fanaticism equal and closely akin to religious passion. The Social Contract became "the Bible of the Revolution'.
Page 250 - Parlement, and ordered the magistrates never again to use the phrase " unity and indivisibility" with reference to the different Parlements ; never to resign their offices either individually or in a body by way of protest against the action of the King ; never again to delay the registration of the edicts. On December 10 the whole of the members resigned: "it remained only for them to perish along with the laws.

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