The Geopolitics of Security in the Americas: Hemispheric Denial from Monroe to Clinton

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002 - Political Science - 186 pages

Sicker examines the role of the United States within the Western Hemisphere and the geopolitical and geostrategic factors that have helped shape its policies in the region. He demonstrates that such factors have contributed heavily to establishing the patterns of state development and interstate relations in the Western Hemisphere throughout its modern history. The prevailing geopolitical environment has been conditioned to a large extent by the emergence of the United States as the unquestionably dominant power in the extensive region. However, that status did not exist at the time it achieved its independence. It was brought about through almost incessant conflict with, and expansion at the expense of, other states, nations, and peoples over more than a century. As a result, the concerns and interests of the dominant power became and remain, of necessity, factors that states beyond the borders of the United States must take into consideration when pursuing their own national interests and policies. As Sicker amply demonstrates, failure to do so will often produce undesirable consequences for the offending state.

As is clear, however, the states of the hemisphere have their own geopolitical interests and concerns independent of, and sometimes conflicting with, those of the United States. As Sicker shows throughout the volume, and especially in his analysis of inter-American conflicts, many of the nations of Latin America have unresolved territorial controversies with their neighbors that date to their origins as independent states. Because of this troubled geopolitical legacy, there have been numerous conflicts among the states of Latin America, some of which the United States has attempted to mediate or arbitrate, and some that seem impervious to a permanent negotiated settlement. This is a provocative analysis that will be of interest to scholars, students, researchers, and policymakers involved with inter-American relations and U.S. diplomacy.

 

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Contents

The Doctrine of Hemispheric Denial
9
Applying the Monroe Doctrine 18331870
31
Unilateralism Unleashed 18771941
47
USMexican Relations 19101940
73
The Doctrine of Nonintervention and Collective Security 19231945
85
The Rio Treaty and the Organization of American States 19451965
105
US Intervention 19701992
127
InterAmerican Conflicts
149
On the Threshold of the TwentyFirst Century
167
Bibliography
173
Index
181
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Page 11 - There is on the globe one single spot, the possessor of which is our natural and habitual enemy. It is New Orleans, through which the produce of threeeighths of our territory must pass to market...

About the author (2002)

MARTIN SICKER is a private consultant and lecturer who has written extensively in the fields of political science and international affairs, with a special focus on geopolitics. Dr. Sicker is the author of eighteen previous books, including The Strategy of Soviet Imperialism (Praeger, 1988), The Bear and the Lion: Soviet Imperialism and Iran (Praeger, 1988), and Israel's Quest for Security (Praeger, 1989).

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