The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion

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Cosimo, Inc., Dec 1, 2005 - Religion - 732 pages
The notion of a man-god, or of a human being endowed with divine or supernatural powers, belongs essentially to that earlier period of religious history in which gods and men are still viewed as beings of much the same order, and before they are divided by the impassable gulf which, to later thought, opens out between them. Strange, therefore, as may seem to us the idea of a god incarnate in human form, it has nothing very startling for early man, who sees in a man-god or a god-man only a higher degree of the same supernatural powers which he arrogates in perfect good faith to himself. -from "Chapter VII: Incarnate Human Gods" In 1890, James George Frazer began publishing The Golden Bough, his monumental study of myth, ritual, and religion, which would, by 1936, run to 13 volumes and establish him as a pioneer in the study of religion as an aspect of culture. This abridged edition, assembled in 1922, condenses this fundamental work to one readable volume that is still a source for modern anthropology, thanks to its expansive discussions ancient cultish practices and their connections to the rites of modern Christianity. In eloquent prose, Frazer discusses legends of the woods, sympathetic magic, magicians as kings, the worship of trees, the concept of the sacred marriage, the links between priestly and royal power, ritual royal sacrifices, the concept of "eating the god," the myths of Osiris, Adonis, Isis, and other ancient deities, and much more. Lovers of mythology will be enraptured by this book, which draws all of human belief under one unifying umbrella, celebrating myth and ritual as part of the basis of all human culture. Scottish anthropologist SIR JAMES GEORGE FRAZER (1854-1941) also wrote Man, God, and Immortality (1927) and Creation and Evolution in Primitive Cosmogonies (1935).
 

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Contents

CHAP
1
Priestly Kings
9
Magic and Religion
48
Magicians as Kings
83
vh Incarnate Human Gods
91
chap
97
rai Depabtmental Kings of Natoee
106
Relics of Treeworship in Modern Europe
120
Temporary Kings
283
Sachifice of the Kings Son
289
xxvn Succession to the Soul
293
The Killing of the Treespirit
296
Burying the Carnival
301
Carrying out Death
307
Bringing in Summer
311
S Battle of Summer and Winter
316

The Influence of the Sexes on Vegetation
135
Dionysus
142
xra The Kings of Rome and Alba
146
CBitr mse xiv The Succession to the Kingdom in Ancient Latium
152
xv The Worship op the Oak
159
Dianus anb Diana 161
161
The Burden of Royalty
168
Divorce of the Spiritual from the Temporal Power
175
The Perils of the Soul
178
2 Absence and Recall of the Sou 180
180
The Soul as a Shadow and a Reflection
189
Tabooed Acts 194
194
Taboos on Eating and Drinking
198
Taboos on showing the Face
199
Taboos on quitting the House
200
Tabooed Peksons 202
202
2 Mourners tabooed
205
Women tabooed at Menstruation and Childbirth
207
Warriors tabooed
210
Manslayers tabooed
212
Hunters and Fishers tabooed
216
Tabooed Things
223
Iron tabooed
224
Sharp Weapons tabooed
226
Blood tabooed
227
The Head tabooed
230
Hair tabooed
231
Ceremonies at Haircutting
233
Spittle tabooed
237
Foods tabooed
238
xxn Tabooed Words
244
Names of Relations tabooed
249
Names of the Dead tabooed
251
Names of Kings and other Sacred Persons tabooed
257
Names of Gods tabooed
260
CHAP RAGE XXIII Our Debt to the Savage
262
The Killing of the Divine King
264
Kings killed when their Strength fails
265
Kings killed at the End of a Fixed Term
274
6 Death and Resurrection of Kostrubonko
317
Death and Revival of Vegetation
318
Analogous Rites in India
319
The Magic Spring
320
The Myth op Adonis
324
Adonis in Syma
327
Adonis in Cyphus
329
The Ritual of Adonis
335
The Gardens of Adonis
341
xxxrv The Myth and Ritual of Attis
347
Attis as a God of Vegetation
352
Human Representatives of Attis
353
Oriental Religions in the West
361
The Myth of Osieis
362
The Ritual of Osiris
368
The Official Rites
373
The Nature of Osiris
377
Osiris a Treespirit
380
Osiris a God of Fertility
381
Isis
382
jaw The Cornmother in Many Lands
412
XLVH LlTYEKSES
424
XLvm The Cornspirit as an Animal
447
xux Ancient Deities of Vegetation as Animals
464
Eating the
479
The Pbopitiation of Wild Animals by Hunters
518
The Transference of Evil 538
538
The Public Expulsion of Evils
546
Public Scapegoats
562
Human Scapegoats in Classical Antiquity
577
Killing the God in Mexico
587
The Myth of Baldeb
607
The Burning or Human Beings in the Fikes
650
Balder and the Mistletoe
658
The External Soul in Folktales
667
lxvti The External Soul in Folkcustom
679
lxvhi The Golden Bough
701
Farewell to Nemi
711
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Page 12 - If my analysis of the magician's logic is correct, its two great principles turn out to be merely two different misapplications of the association of ideas. Homoeopathic magic is founded on the association of ideas by similarity: contagious magic is founded on the association of ideas by contiguity. Homoeopathic magic commits the mistake of assuming that things which resemble each other are the same: contagious magic commits the mistake of assuming that things which have once been in contact with...

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