The Great Irish Famine
Cambridge University Press, Sep 28, 1995 - History - 80 pages
The Irish Famine of 1846–50 was one of the great disasters of the nineteenth century, whose notoriety spreads as far as the mass emigration which followed it. Cormac O'Gráda's concise survey suggests that a proper understanding of the disaster requires an analysis of the Irish economy before the invasion of the potato-killing fungus, Phytophthora infestans, highlighting Irish poverty and the importance of the potato, but also finding signs of economic progress before the Famine. Despite the massive decline in availability of food, the huge death toll of one million (from a population of 8.5 million) was hardly inevitable; there are grounds for supporting the view that a less doctrinaire attitude to famine relief would have saved many lives. This book provides an up-to-date introduction by a leading expert to an event of major importance in the history of nineteenth-century Ireland and Britain.
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acre agricultural areas average Bourke Britain census cent century charity comparative Connacht Connell cost cottage industry counties counties of Ireland crises crisis crop deaths Donnelly Dublin earlier Economic and Social Economic History Society Edwards and Williams emigration England evidence excess mortality exports failure Famine Series Famine's farmers fever Fitzpatrick Grada grain head or wage historians income per head increase Industrial Revolution Irish Famine Irish Poor Law labour land quality index landlords less living standards London lumper Malthus Malthusian marriage migration million Mokyr Nassau Senior numbers nuptiality O'Neill output parish Phytophthera infestans political Poor Inquiry population growth post-Famine potato blight poverty pre-Famine proportion ratio reduced regional relief rise role rural seasonal smallpox Social History starvation Studies in Economic subsistence suggests Table Tables of Death tion typhus Ulster University of Ireland variables Whig William Smith O'Brien Woodham-Smith workhouses