The Greek and Latin Roots of English

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Rowman & Littlefield, 2008 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 303 pages
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Over 60 percent of all English words have Greek or Latin roots; in the vocabulary of the sciences and technology, the figure rises to over 90 percent. Through the study of The Greek & Latin Roots of English, students can expand their knowledge of English vocabulary and also come to understand the ways in which the history of the English language have shaped our perceptions of the world around us. The approach of this new fourth edition of The Greek & Latin Roots of English is thematic: vocabulary is organized into various topics, including politics and government, psychology, medicine and the biological sciences, literature, ancient culture, and religion and philosophy. Cumulative chapter exercises on tear-out pages reinforce both vocabulary already learned and analytical skills developed in previous lessons. This text will help students begin to learn not only vocabulary, but also the pleasures (and pitfalls) of language study.
 

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Contents

A POLYGLOT STEW
1
WHAT SHALL WE HAVE FOR DINNER?
2
LANGUAGE and HISTORY
5
LANGUAGE FAMILIES
6
A BRIEF HISTORY OF ENGLISH
9
AN OUTLINE OF THE HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE
15
AND WHAT IS MORE
17
EXERCISES
21
THEORY AND PRACTICE
140
SOCIOLOGY
141
ECONOMICS
142
EXERCISES
147
HUMAN BIOLOGY and MEDICINE I
155
THE HUMAN BODY
156
MEDICAL SPECIALTIES
157
AN OUNCE OF PREVENTION
159

HOW LATIN WORKS
25
INFLECTED LANGUAGES
26
LATIN NOUNS AND ADJECTIVES
27
FINDING THE STEM OF A LATIN NOUN OR ADJECTIVE
29
CONJUGATIONS
30
EXERCISES
35
LATIN INTO ENGLISH
43
FORMING NEW WORDS
44
II NOUNFORMING SUFFIXES WITH LATIN NOUNS AND ADJECTIVES
45
III DIMINUTIVEFORMING SUFFIXES WITH LATIN NOUNS
46
IV NOUNS AND ADJECTIVES FORMED FROM LATIN VERBS
47
V VERBAL SUFFIXES
50
VI VERBAL LEARNED BORROWINGS
51
EXERCISES
53
HOW GREEK WORKS
61
RULES FOR TRANSLITERATING GREEK WORDS INTO ENGLISH
63
COGNATES
65
EXERCISES
67
GREEK INTO ENGLISH
71
GREEK SUFFIXES
72
III LEARNED BORROWINGS
74
EXERCISES
77
LATIN and GREEK PREFIXES
81
I LATIN PREPOSITIONS
82
II GREEK PREPOSITIONS
84
III PREFIXES DERIVED FROM GREEK AND LATIN ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS
85
EXERCISES
89
LATIN and GREEK NUMBERS
97
COUNTDOWN
98
GREEK NUMBERS
99
EXERCISES
103
GOVERNMENT and POLITICS
107
GREEK POLITICS
108
ROMAN POLITICS
109
ROMAN ECONOMICS
113
THE LAW
114
WAR AND PEACE
116
EXERCISES
119
PSYCHOLOGY
125
MODERN THEORIES OF PSYCHOLOGY
126
ANCIENT PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORY
127
LOVE AND MARRIAGE
128
STATES OF FEELING
129
THE FOUR HUMORS
131
SCIENCE AND THE HUMAN MIND
132
EXERCISES
135
THE SOCIAL SCIENCES
139
TO SLEEP PERCHANCE TO DREAM
161
EXERCISES
165
HUMAN BIOLOGY and MEDICINE II
173
THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
174
THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
175
THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
177
MORE USEFUL BEGINNINGS AND ENDINGS
179
EXERCISES
181
SCIENCE and MATHEMATICS
185
ASTRONOMY
186
THE BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
188
CHEMISTRY
193
PHYSICS
197
GEOLOGY
200
GEOGRAPHY
201
MATHEMATICS
203
CYBERNETICS
205
EXERCISES
209
ITS an ACADEMIC QUESTION
217
GREEK AND ROMAN EDUCATION
218
BOOKS AND LIBRARIES
222
EXERCISES
225
THE CLASSICAL INFLUENCE
231
THE FINE ARTS
232
CITY PLANNING
233
GOING PLACES
235
THE MUSES
237
MUSIC
238
ATHLETICS COMPETITION AND EXCELLENCE
240
SOME NEW BEGINNINGS
243
EXERCISES
245
MYTH RELIGION and PHILOSOPHY
251
GREEK AND ROMAN RELIGION AND MYTH
252
THE CALENDAR
254
OTHER PLACES
256
TROY
260
ANCIENT PEOPLES AND PLACES
262
PHILOSOPHY
264
THE LANGUAGE OF CHRISTIANITY
266
EXERCISES
269
LINGUA LATINA ETIAM VIVIT The Latin Language Still Lives
275
EXERCISES
281
Greek Vocabulary
285
Latin Vocabulary
293
About the Author
303
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About the author (2008)

Tamara M. Green is professor of classics and chair of the Department of Classical and Oriental Studies at Hunter College of the City University of New York.

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