Bees, ants, and solitary wasps are all members of the order Hymenoptera, an important group of insects that includes the sawflies, woodwasps, gallwasps, and parasitoids. This book provides the non-specialist and the professional zoologist with an introductory survey of the BritishHymenoptera. Drawing on the resources of the British Museum (Natural History) as well as their own wide experience, the editors present an account of each family: a diagnosis of the taxon; comments on the size and geographical distribution of the family; and a synopsis of the biology of the group. Key works forthe identification of British species are listed, and new keys are provided to the families and superfamilies represented in Britain. Introductory sections cover natural history, biology, evolution, classification, structure, and economic importance. Although the emphasis is on the 6500 recorded British species, the identification keys are relevant to the rest of western Europe and also largely to North America, whose species bear close resemblance to those in Britain at family and subfamily levels. An extensive bibliography is included.
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Economic importance of Hymenoptera
Collecting and studying Hymenoptera
The structure of Hymenoptera
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abdominal segments Achterberg aculeates adult alitrunk Antenna aphid Apidae Apocrita Askew attack bees behaviour biology Boucek Braconidae British species brood cells Chalcidoidea chalcids Chrysidoidea cleptoparasitic cocoon Coleoptera cynipid Cynipoidea develop Diptera distal dorsal elongate emerge Encyrtidae endoparasitic endoparasitoids Entomological Society Entomology Eulophidae European species eusocial families feed female fore wing Formicidae galls gaster gastral Gauld genera genus gland gregarious groups hind wing host larva host's Hymenoptera hymenopteriform hyperparasitism hyperparasitoids ichneumonids Identification idiobiont instar instar larva koinobiont endoparasitoids large numbers larvae larval instars Lepidoptera lobe males mandibles mature larvae nest number of species occur in Britain overwinter oviposition ovipositor parasitoids pests phytophagous plant pollen pompilids predators prepupa present prey primary parasitoids Proctotrupoidea pronotum propodeum pupae pupate Rasnitsyn represented in Britain sawflies Scelionidae sclerite single social parasitism solitary Sphecidae sphecids spiracles sternite subfamily superfamily suture Symphyta taxa Tenthredinidae tergite tibia usually venation ventral Vespidae wasps whilst Whole insect Fig workers