The Implementation of China's Science and Technology Policy

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999 - Business & Economics - 233 pages
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Yu gives Western readers a full view of China's science and technology policy, plus a historical perspective on the development of her science, technology, and industrial enterprises. A realistic, objective review that will help overcome tendencies to under- or overestimate China's technological and industrial strength and potential for the future, his book focuses on the transition of her scientific, technological, and industrial systems from a planned to a market economy. It identifies the latest science-technology policy readjustment in China and gives Westerners a way to assess the successes and failures of technological-industrial development attributable to policy causes.

Yu describes the evolution of China's scientific and technological systems before and after her economic reforms. He covers changes in science-technology policy in their socioeconomic context, and highlights all major steps in her economic development that have spurred China's scientific-technological progress. Mr. Yu views these as a driving force for economic development, while the success of science-technology policy is determined by its effectiveness in implementing various economic activities. His book also provides in-depth coverage of changes in major industrial sectors, including agriculture, infrastructure, mainstay, high-tech, and township industries and non-governmental science-technology enterprises. The result is a unique opportunity to gain an authoritative, reliable understanding of China's scientific and technological activities, her industrial development, and the interaction between them.

 

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Contents

An Overview of the General Orientation and Guidelines
8
The Development of a Technology Market
22
Reform of the Scientific and Technical Personnel
36
Growth of Import and Export of Enterprises with Foreign
52
1990s
65
Survey on 1180 Sets of Equipment Owned by Large
67
Chinas Industrial Policy and Technology Acquisition
75
The Development of Agricultural Science and Technology
85
Mainstay Industries and Technology Policy
139
Growth of the Chemical Fertilizer Industry 19921996
150
Emphasis on Basic Research
166
HighTech Research
172
The Torch Program and the Progress of HighTech
184
Nongovernmental Science and Technology Enterprises
199
Statistics of 54
205
Policy on Sustainable Development
208

Township Industry and the Development of Appropriate
104
General Situation of Township Industry by the
105
Policy on the Development of Infrastructure Industries
121
Development of the Railway System in China
130
Epilogue
222
Index
229
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About the author (1999)

Q.Y. YU was the director of a technology development institution in the People's Republic of China prior to his retirement. His knowledge of the science and technology systems in China and in the United States has been built upon decades of practical experience in technology exchange and technology transfer. While he has published numerous articles in Chinese, this is Mr. Yu's first book in English. He lives in China, but has traveled often to the United States, and is a former visiting scholar at the Georgia Institute of Technology, associated with the Sam Nunn School of International Affairs and the GT Center for International Business Education and Research.

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