The Indian Southwest, 1580-1830: Ethnogenesis and Reinvention

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University of Oklahoma Press, 1999 - History - 376 pages

How southwestern Indian peoples adapted to European conquest

The Indian Southwest, 1580–1830 demonstrates that, in the face of European conquest, severe drought, and disease, Indians in the Southwest proved remarkably adaptable and dynamic, remaining independent actors and even prospering. Some tribes temporarily joined Spanish missions or assimilated into other tribes. Others survived by remaining on the fringe of Spanish settlement, migrating, and expanding exchange relationships with other tribes. Still others incorporated remnant bands and individuals and strengthened their economic systems. The vibrancy of southwestern Indian societies today is due in part to the exchange-based political economies their ancestors created almost three centuries ago.

 

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Contents

List of Illustrations vii
2
Part One Spanish Penetration and Early Native
9
Spanish Invasion and the Disruption of
15
Ethnogenesis and Cultural Continuity within
30
Jumano Collapse
55
Indian Ethnogenesis and the Spanish Mission
67
Part Two Spanish Retrenchment
93
The Apacheanization of the Southwest
105
Part Three The Norteno Emergence
145
The Failure of European Mercantilism and
166
The Plains Political Economy and Caddo
179
Comanche Penetration of the Southern Plains
204
The Southern Plains Milieu
251
Notes
267
Bibliography
347
Index
367

The Poaching and Raiding Economy of
128

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About the author (1999)

Gary Clayton Anderson, Professor of History at the University of Oklahoma, is author of The Conquest of Texas: Ethnic Cleansing in the Promised Land, 1820-1875. His book The Indian Southwest, 1580-1830: Ethnogenesis and Reinvention won the Angie Debo Prize and the publication award from the San Antonio Conservation Society.

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