The Indian Temple Traceries
The present monograph is unique in that it, for the first time, extensively treats the subject of Indian temple jalas or grilles together with an in depth discussion in the light of relevant medieval vastusastra passages in Sanskrit on Indian architecture. Besides identification, classification, and description of the different grille types as well as their forms, features, and ornamentation, it investigates their purpose and their relationship with the environment as well as their functional engagement with the building of which each example is an integral part. It likewise traces the origins - or at least the earliest incidences - together with the development, wherever discernible, of the Indian grilles. While maintaining the thrust of writing towards the ancient and medieval Indian grilles, it brings within its purview the Islamic screens and the Gothic traceries for comparing and contrasting their characteristics with the earlier Indian. In the process, it also dwells on the factors of concept, form, function and, above all, aesthetics. The visual appearance of the jalas developed in each of these three architectural systems considerably varies due to environmental, creedal, cultural, and hence stylistic differences. The text of the monograph is elucidated by carefully drawn 55 line drawings and 348 photo illustrations. Being scholarly and, as a result, of academic disposition, it will not have the privilege of the company and prestige of coffee table books. It likewise cannot be a companion book for the iconographers who in India dominate the field of ancient art and pass as art historians, nor is it useful to the modernists and lovers exclusively of contemporary arts and literature. What is more, in orientation, treatment of theme, and the tenor of discussion, it adheres to the methodology of art history proper and, by the same token, not that of neoart interpretatory, a different and new discipline which their protagonists, the Newtrendians in the West and because of them the Newtrendianoids in India, claim and proclaim as `New art history,' just as they look down at the other/original one by qualifying it as conventional, traditional, old-fashioned, and outmoded. They are largely unconcerned about history and chronology, socio-religious and cultural background, and ignore style, inherent concepts, philosophy, metaphysics, and aesthetics.
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The TerminologicalSemantic Considerations
The Textual and Actual Types
The Islamic Screens
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10th cent 14th century 1st cent 2nd quarter 8th cent A.D. Courtesy advanced Geometrical Ahmedabad Aihole Alampur Andhra Pradesh antarala arch architecture Bahurandhra jala bhadra boxes buildings Calukya carved Cathedral cave central Church Curvilinear decorated early 14th cent east wall east window England examples facade figures flanking Flowing tracery frame gavaksa Gonetra jala gopuram Gothic grille gudhamandapa Gujarat Gulika element Gulika jala Indian instance Institut Francais D'Indologie jails Jaisalmer jšla jala set jalaka with Gulika Jami Masdjid Karnataka Khambhat Kunjaraksa last-noted late 11th Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra mandapa Maqbara Mosque motif mouchettes Nagabandha Nandyavarta Nayaka north wall ornamented panels Patrajatika jala Pattadakal patterns plate Puspakantha jala Rajasthan Rastrakuta Rjukriya Sakarnaka jala Sakhandaka jala Sakhandaka-Bahurandhra jala Sanskrit Satavahana Saurastra shows shrine Sirval south wall square holes Stambha jalaka style stylized Sultanate period Svastika Tamilnadu temple complex tracery transept Turyasra jala upper Valll jalaka Vardhamana vimana Virupaksa temple west wall