The Information Society and the Welfare State: The Finnish Model
Silicon Valley has been considered as the model that societies must imitate to succeed in the information age. However, recently another alternative has attracted strong international interest: the Finnish model. This is equally dynamic in technological and economic terms, but combines theinformation society with the welfare state. The Information Society and the Welfare State is the first accessible academic study of what the Finnish model really is. The authors analyse the factors that have enabled Nokia to become the world's leading telecommunications company, for example, andLinux to become the biggest challenger to Microsoft in the operating systems market. They discuss the development of Nokia and the Finnish innovation model, with important lesssons for businesses and national technology policies.However, the Finnish model's most radical and interesting feature is its attempt to combine technological and economic success with social justice and equality. The book shows how Finland has uniquely created a 'virtuous cycle' out of the information society and the welfare state: the successfulinformation society makes the continued financing of the welfare state possible and the welfare state generates well-educated people in good shape for the information society's continued success. This model has significant implications for all societies where policy debates about the information society and/or public policy are on the agenda. Ultimately, the Finnish model proves that there is no one model for the information age, but that there is room for different policies and values.
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INTRODUCTION The Finnish Information Society in a Global Context
THE MOBILE VALLEY Nokia Finland and the Transformation of the Finnish Economy
INNOVATION ABOUT INNOVATING The Unlikely Innovation System The State Corporate Business Universities and Hackers
THE WELFARE OF THE NATION The Information Society and the Welfare State
THE LOCAL INFORMATION SOCIETY Spatial Dynamics Information Technology and Public Policy
THE POWER OF IDENTITY Identity Driving the Information Society and the Information Society Building Identity
THE FINNISH MODEL OF THE INFORMATION SOCIETY
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areas centers challenge Chapter competitive cooperation countries created culture dynamic electronic entrepreneurialism Espoo Espoo Uusimaa European example financial markets Finnish economy Finnish identity Finnish information society Finnish innovation system Finnish IT cluster Finnish model Finnish welfare Gini index global networks goals hacker ethic Helsingius Helsinki Stock Exchange Helsinki Uusimaa Himanen idea important increasing industrial information society information technology information,society informational economy Internet Karelia labor force learning Linus Torvalds Linux major ment metropolitan Ministry mobile phone network enterprise network society nodes Nokia Nordic oooo oooo oooo ooooooo open,source percent Pirkanmaa population productivity recession regional development research and development role sector share Silicon Valley Singapore Sitra social hackerism social injustice Soviet Union spatial start,up strategy strong structure survival Tampere Technology Policy Council Tekes telecommunications telephone tion Torvalds transformation Turku United universities