The Invention of International Relations Theory: Realism, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the 1954 Conference on Theory
Columbia University Press, 2011 - Political Science - 299 pages
The 1954 Conference on Theory, sponsored by the Rockefeller Foundation, featured a who's who of scholars and practitioners debating the foundations of international relations theory. Assembling his own team of experts, all of whom have struggled with this legacy, Nicolas Guilhot revisits a seminal event and its odd rejection of scientific rationalism.
Far from being a spontaneous development, these essays argue, the emergence of a "realist" approach to international politics, later codified at the conference, was deliberately triggered by the Rockefeller Foundation. The organization was an early advocate of scholars who opposed the idea of a "science" of politics, pursuing, for the sake of disciplinary autonomy, a vision of politics as a prerational and existential dimension that could not be "solved" by scientific means. As a result, this nascent theory was more a rejection of behavioral social science than the birth of one of its specialized branches. The archived conversations reproduced here, along with unpublished papers by Hans Morgenthau, Reinhold Niebuhr, and Paul Nitze, speak to this defensive stance. International relations theory is critically linked to the context of postwar liberalism, and the contributors explore how these origins have played out in political thought and American foreign policy.
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Reflections on the 1954 Conference
1954 and After
The Rockefeller Foundation Conference and the Long Road
The Move That Made
Postwar American Political Science
Realism as Desire
American Hegemony the Rockefeller Foundation and the Rise
From Reactionary Modernism
Conference on International Politics May 78 1954
The Theoretical and Practical Importance
The Implications of Theory for Practice
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1954 conference academic American Political Science approach argued arnold wolfers behavior Carl Schmitt cold war concept context dean rusk debate defensive realists democracy disciplinary discipline discussion Dunn economic elite empirical ence field Folder foreign policy global Guilhot hans morgenthau Hayek ideological important Institute intellectual international politics international relations International Studies interwar Kennan Kenneth Kenneth W liberal Lippmann Mearsheimer ment moral Morgenthau national interest nature neoliberals normative ofIR ofpolitics ofthe Ole Wæver one’s organization participants particular paul nitze philosophy political science political theory postwar practitioners Princeton principles problem question reinhold niebuhr Rockefeller Foundation Rockefeller Foundation Archives role scholars scientists social sciences Soviet Soviet Union strategic study of international theoretical theorists theory of international theory ofinternational politics Thompson tion tradition transcript understanding United University Press Wæver Walter Lippmann Waltz william t. r. fox World War II Yale YIIS York