The Invention of Race in the European Middle Ages

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Cambridge University Press, Mar 8, 2018 - History - 493 pages
In The Invention of Race in the European Middle Ages, Geraldine Heng questions the common assumption that the concepts of race and racisms only began in the modern era. Examining Europe's encounters with Jews, Muslims, Africans, Native Americans, Mongols, and the Romani ('Gypsies'), from the 12th through 15th centuries, she shows how racial thinking, racial law, racial practices, and racial phenomena existed in medieval Europe before a recognizable vocabulary of race emerged in the West. Analysing sources in a variety of media, including stories, maps, statuary, illustrations, architectural features, history, saints' lives, religious commentary, laws, political and social institutions, and literature, she argues that religion - so much in play again today - enabled the positing of fundamental differences among humans that created strategic essentialisms to mark off human groups and populations for racialized treatment. Her ground-breaking study also shows how race figured in the emergence of homo europaeus and the identity of Western Europe in this time.
 

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Contents

Beginnings
1
r InventionsReinventions
15
r StateNation
55
r WarEmpire
110
The Assassins and the Fabulation
127
r Color
181
r World I
257
r World II
287
r World III
417
Bibliography
457
Index
483
Copyright

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About the author (2018)

Geraldine Heng is Perceval Fellow and Associate Professor of English and Comparative Literature at the University of Texas, Austin. She is the author of Empire of Magic: Medieval Romance and the Politics of Cultural Fantasy (2012), and England and the Jews: How Religion and Violence Created the First Racial State in the West (Cambridge, 2018). Originally from Singapore, Heng has held the Winton Chair (for 'paradigm-shifting scholarship') at the University of Minnesota. She has received a number of fellowships and grants, and currently holds an ACLS fellowship to begin a new book, Early Globalities: The Interconnected World, 500-1500 CE. Heng is also Founder and Director of the Global Middle Ages Project: www.globalmiddleages.org.

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