The Making of Contemporary Algeria, 1830-1987
In 1962, after the war of independence, the new rulers of Algeria inherited a country which had both the manpower and the financial resources needed for development, because of its reserves of oil and natural gas. During the last 26 years there have been discussions and experiments revolving around two problems: whether the economy should be controlled by the government or should be one in which private enterprise (the multi-national companies and their local agents) play a larger part; and whether the main emphasis of economic policy should be on heavy industry or on agriculture and consumer industries. This book gives a detailed account of the discussions and changes of policy and analyses the experiments and their results. Dr Bennoune argues that the rapid development of basic industries provides the only path by which countries in the Third World can hope to attain real independence, and that this policy demands a degree of public participation that only a democratic government can generate.
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Algerian society and economy before 1830
The nature of colonialism
Colonial development population and manpower
Socioeconomic consequences of colonial development
The aftermath of the war of national liberation
Industrialisation as the motor of development
The development of the private industrial sector
Agriculture the stagnation of production and its consequences
Education and development
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activities administration agrarian revolution agricultural production agricultural sector Algiers Annaba annual average Arabic areas autogestion basic Benjadid Bilan Boumedienne capital capitalist cent cereals cities colonial comprador bourgeoisie construction and public cubic metres cultivation declined despite economic employed employment established export farms favour fertiliser foreign four-year plan France French hectares hectolitres hydrocarbons imports income increased independence industrial sector industrialisation Industry and Energy investment irrigated Jijel labour force land light industries Maghreb major MARA million tons Ministry modernisation MPAT MTLD national economy national liberation nationalisation OFLA Oran organisation peasants period political pre-colonial private industrial private sector programme projects proletarianisation public enterprises public sector regime represented result rose schools second four-year plan self-managed sector self-management settlers social socialist society socio-economic SONATRACH Source specialised structure Table technical units urban centres utilisation vocational training wage wage labour wilayates workers
Page 1 - Men make their own history, but they do not make it just as they please; they do not make it under circumstances chosen by themselves, but under circumstances directly found, given and transmitted from the past.