The Making of Strategy: Rulers, States, and War

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Cambridge University Press, 1994 - History - 680 pages
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Most writing about strategy - the balancing of ends and means by rulers and states in conflict with their adversaries - has focused on individual strategic theorists or great military leaders. That approach has its uses, but it normally ignores the messy process through which rulers and states have actually framed strategy. Understanding how that process has worked or failed to work in the past is nevertheless of vital practical importance to strategists, and of the greatest interest to students of strategy and statecraft. The Making of Strategy is about the strategic process. It consists of seventeen case studies that range from fifth-century B.C. Athens and Ming China to Hitler's Germany, Israel, and the post-1945 United States. The studies analyze, within a common interpretive framework, precisely how rulers and states have made strategy. The introduction emphasizes the constants in the rapidly shifting world of the strategist. The conclusion tries to understand the forces that have driven the transformation of strategy since 400 B.C. and seem likely to continue to transform it in the future.

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Introduction On strategy
Athenian strategy in the Peloponnesian War
The strategy of a warriorstate Rome and the wars against Carthage 264201 BC
Chinese strategy from the fourteenth to the seventeenth centuries
The making of strategy in Habsburg Spain Philip IIs bid for mastery 15561598
The origins of a global strategy England from 1558 to 1713
A quest for glory The formation of strategy under Louis XIV 16611715
To the edge of greatness The United States 17831865
The road to ideological war Germany 19181945
The collapse of empire British strategy 19191945
The strategy of innocence? The United States 19201945
The illusion of security France 19191940
Strategy for class war The Soviet Union 19171941
The evolution of Israeli strategy The psychology of insecurity and the quest for absolute security
Strategy in the nuclear age The United States 19451991
Conclusion Continuity and revolution in the making of strategy

Strategic uncertainties of a nationstate PrussiaGermany 18711918
The weary titan Strategy and policy in Great Britain 18901918
The strategy of the decisive weight Italy 18821922

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About the author (1994)

Williamson Murray is Professor Emeritus in the Department of History at The Ohio State University and the Ambassador Anthony D. Marshall Chair of Strategic Studies at Marine Corps University, as well as a defense consultant and commentator on historical and military subjects in Washington, DC. His most recent books are Successful Strategies (edited with Richard Hart Sinnreich) and The Iran-Iraq War (written with Kevin Woods) both published by Cambridge in 2014, and War, Strategy, and Military Effectiveness and Military Adaptation in War, both published by Cambridge in 2011. He is co-editor of numerous books of military and international history, including Hybrid Warfare (with Peter Mansoor, Cambridge, 2012), The Shaping of Grand Strategy (with Richard Hart Sinnreich and James Lacey, Cambridge, 2011), The Making of Peace (with James Lacey, Cambridge, 2008), The Past as Prologue (with Richard Hart Sinnreich, Cambridge, 2006), The Dynamics of Military Revolution, 1300 2050 (with MacGregor Knox, Cambridge, 2001), Military Innovation in the Interwar Period (with Allan R. Millett, Cambridge, 1996), and The Making of Strategy (with Alvin Bernstein and MacGregor Knox, Cambridge, 1994).

MacGregor Knox has served as Stevenson Professor of International History at the London School of Economics and Political Science since 1994. He was educated at Harvard College (BA, 1967) and Yale University (PhD in History, 1977), and has also taught at the University of Rochester (USA). His writings deal with the wars and dictatorships of the savage first half of the twentieth century and with contemporary international and strategic history, and include Mussolini Unleashed, 1939 1941 (1982); The Making of Strategy: Rulers, States, and War (ed., with Williamson Murray and Alvin Bernstein) (1994); Hitler's Italian Allies: Royal Armed Forces, Fascist Regime, and the War of 1940-43 (2000); The Dynamics of Military Revolution, 1300 2050 (ed., with Williamson Murray) (2001); and To the Threshold of Power: Origins and Dynamics of the Fascist and National Socialist Dictatorships (2007). Between his undergraduate and graduate studies he spent three years in the U.S. Army, and served in the Republic of Vietnam (1969) as rifle platoon leader with the 173rd Airborne Brigade.

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