The Manufacturing Population of England: Its Moral, Social, and Physical Conditions, and the Changes which Have Arisen from the Use of Steam Machinery; with an Examination of Infant Labour

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Baldwin and Cradock, 1833 - Child labor - 361 pages
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Page 172 - wellformed, whereas the lower sort, besides their general inferiority, are subject to all the variety of make and figure that is seen in the populace of other countries.*'" Food and clothing then are intimately connected with civilization, and civilization is
Page 63 - The fact then undoubtedly is, that the licentiousness which prevails among the dense population of manufacturing towns, is carried to a degree which it is appalling to contemplate, which baffles all statistical inquiries, and which can be learned from the testimony of personal observers."—Inquiry,
Page 152 - An accurate inspection of this table, will render the extent of the evil affecting the poor more apparent. Those districts which are almost exclusively inhabited by the labouring population, are, Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 10; Nos. 13, 14, and 7, also contain, besides the dwellings of the operatives, those of
Page 31 - were exceedingly rare—though marriage was generally deferred till pregnancy fully declared itself.* * Poor laws Commission.—" I appeal to the experience of all overseers in rural districts, whether instances of marriage taking place among the labouring classes are not so very rare as to constitute no exception to the general assertion, that ' pregnancy precedes marriage.
Page 152 - tradesmen, and are traversed by many of the principal thoroughfares. No. 11, was not inspected; and Nos. 5, 6,8, and 9, are the central districts containing the chief streets, the most respectable shops, the dwellings of the more wealthy inhabitants, and the warehouses of the merchants and manufacturers.
Page 365 - When the number of workmen living upon the same spot is large, it may be thought desirable that they should unite together, and have an agent to purchase by wholesale those articles which are most in demand,
Page 45 - in a very humble way, and pushing their advance by a series of unceasing exertions, having a very limited capital to begin with, or even none at all save that of their own labour.*
Page 53 - beyond the demand for their twist or cloth, and with the speediest and best modes for' their production. They were, however, from their acquired station, men who exercised very considerable influence upon the hordes of workmen who became dependent upon them. The acquisition of wealth, unfortunately for the interests of all parties, was not
Page 179 - growths of the lowest barbarism. Any man who has stood at twelve o'clock at the single narrow door-way, which serves as the place of exit for the hands employed in the great cotton-mills, must acknowledge, that an uglier set of men and women, of boys and girls, taken them in the mass, it would be impossible to congregate in a smaller compass. Their complexion
Page 365 - demand, such as tea, sugar, bacon, &c., and to retail them at prices which will just repay the wholesale cost, together with the expense of the agent who conducts their sale. If this be managed wholly by a committee of workmen, aided perhaps by advice from the master, and if the agent is paid in such a manner as to have himself an interest

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