The Many Faces of Philosophy: Reflections from Plato to Arendt

Front Cover
Amélie Oksenberg Rorty
Oxford University Press, Feb 6, 2003 - Philosophy - 544 pages
Philosophy is a dangerous profession, risking censorship, prison, even death. And no wonder: philosophers have questioned traditional pieties and threatened the established political order. Some claimed to know what was thought unknowable; others doubted what was believed to be certain. Some attacked religion in the name of science; others attacked science in the name of mystical poetry; some served tyrants; others were radical revolutionaries. This historically based collection of philosophers' reflections--the letters, journals, prefaces that reveal their hopes and hesitations, their triumphs and struggles, their deepest doubts and convictions--allow us to witness philosophical thought-in-process. It sheds light on the many--and conflicting--aims of philosophy: to express skepticism or overcome it, to support theology or attack it, to develop an ethical system or reduce it to practical politics. As their audiences differed, philosophers experimented with distinctive rhetorical strategies, writing dialogues, meditations, treatises, aphorisms. Ranging from Plato to Hannah Arendt, with contributions from 44 philosophers (Augustine, Maimonides, AlGhazali, Descartes, Pascal, Leibniz, Voltaire, Rousseau, Hobbes, Hume, Kant, Nietzsche, Kierkegaard, Wittgenstein, among others) this remarkable collection documents philosophers' claim that they change as well as understand the world. In her introductory essay, "Witnessing Philosophers," Amelie Rorty locates philosophers' reflections in the larger context of the many facets of their other activities and commitments.
 

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The many faces of philosophy: reflections from Plato to Arendt

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The excerpts included in this collection consist primarily of what the author calls "philosophical autobiography," that is, they are less technical philosophical writings than writings that convey ... Read full review

Contents

II From Bacon to Hume
59
III From Vico to Schopenhauer
203
IV From Bentham to Russell
315
V From Wittgenstein to Appiah
413
Credits
509
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About the author (2003)

Amelie Oksenberg Rorty is the Director of the Program in the History of Ideas at Brandeis University. She is the author of Mind in Action and editor of Identities of Persons, Explaining Emotions, Philosophers on Education, and The Many Faces of Evil.

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