The Maze of Fantasy in Tamil Folktales
The book pursues an ethnographic and a theoretical purpose. The ethnographic first part examines how Tamil folktales, mostly gathered and published by Tamil authors, reflect Tamil culture. However, since the narrators want to amuse their listeners and arouse their interest they tend to exaggerate or invert the normal situation. Therefore, their tales reflect more reliably Tamil values, beliefs and interest than social behaviour. The second theoretical part stresses the importance of the actually occuring motifs and casts doubt on typology. Rather than artificially distinguishing tale types, often thought to exist independent of the narrators, it points out a network of thematic connections among Tamil folktales.
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Socially Disapproved Sexual Desires
True and Feigned Devoted Wives Pattinis
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Aarne and Thompson absurd animal asked beat beautiful beggar Bharata Devi 1995 boon Brahmin called caste characters cheat clever corpus culture cursed daughter daughter-in-law death demon desire Deyvasikamani dyads Eichinger Ferro-Luzzi 1987 elder brother express father foolish girl give goat goddess gods hair hierarchy Hindu holy human husband incest Indian instance jackal killed king Lena live lover magic Mariyatai marriage marry minister miser mistreated mother mother-in-law motif Muruganandam 1991 Murukan Muthiah names narrator's neighbour night old woman Paliyan parents pattini Perumal pestle preceding story promised proverb punishment quarrel Rajanarayanan 1985 Rajanarayanan 1992a Rajanarayanan and Bharata Rajanarayanan and Selvarasu renouncer rice Sanskrit seen Selvarasu 1993 sexual silence wager Siranjivi 1991 sister snake son-in-law stupid tale Tamil folk narrators Tamil folktales Tamil language Tamil literature Tamilnadu temple thief thieves told tree trick village wanted wife wife's wives woodcutter words younger brother