The Membrane Alternative: Energy Implications for Industry: Watt Committee Report Number 21
CRC Press, Aug 23, 1990 - Architecture - 176 pages
This book considers the uses of membrane technology in the chloralkali, water, food and biotechnology industries where the major effect of the technology is an improvement in product quality often allied to a saving in energy consumption. It also covers the implications for the power generation, oil and gas industries.
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achieved acid alternative tank system azeotropic branes British Gas cellulose acetate chemical chlorine coefficient concentration polarization condensate cost cryogenic dehydration diameter diffusion distillation effect efficiency Engineering evaporation feed gas feed ratio fiber bundle filter filtration flow rate flushing ratio flux fresh water side gas separation gases heat hollow fiber hydrocarbon hydrogen recovery increase industry layer liquid long term fouling membrane cell membrane element membrane processes membrane separation membrane system membrane technology membrane unit methanol mixture MMSCFD module MtBE natural gas operating osmotic pressure output partial pressure permeability permeation flow pervaporation plant polymer potential pressure drop pressurized sea water pulsed flow pump recycle reduced removal reverse osmosis Reynolds numbers salt water side sea water system seawater selectivity semipermeable membrane shown in Fig solution sterilisation submarine system Table temperature tion turbine typical ultrafiltration vapour velocity water passage Watt Committee