The Military Revolution Debate: Readings On The Military Transformation Of Early Modern Europe
The debate about the “Military Revolution” has been one of the most controversial and exciting areas of discussion and research in the fields of early modern European history and military history. Scholars have long sought to explain the massive changes in European military techniques and technologies that took place between the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the industrial age—changes that transformed the armies and navies of the West into the most powerful war-making entities the world had ever known.Historians have disagreed about and vigorously debated the importance of these changes for European politics, for the process of state formation, for the rise of the West, and for warfare itself. This book brings together, for the first time, the classic articles that began and have shaped this debate, adding important new essays by eminent historians of early modern Europe to further this important scholarly interchange. The contributors consider topics ranging from the battlefield to the gunmaker’s workshop, from England to India, and from the fourteenth to the eighteenth centuries. The Military Revolution Debate will be required reading for anyone interested in what is undoubtedly one of the hottest areas in military history today.
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administrative Ages Ancien Régime angle bastion arms Army of Flanders artillery fortress attack battle besieging Bodart Cambridge campaign cannon Casale cavalry changes Charles commanders companies Conquest cost David Parrott defeat defensive ducats duke duke of Nevers Dupuy Dutch early modern Europe effective enemy English European example expansion field army figures fire firearms forces fortifications France French army garrison Geoffrey Parker Gonzaga growth Guerre Guilmartin gunpowder guns Gustavus Adolphus Habsburg Histoire Ibid Imperial important increase Infantry Revolution innovations Italian Italy logistical London Louis XIV Louvois Mantua Maurice of Nassau medieval mili militaire Military History Military Revolution mobility Montferrat musket naval Netherlands number of troops Ottoman Paris Parrott percent period pike political Portuguese regiments Richelieu Roberts royal seventeenth century siege warfare sixteenth century soldiers Spain Spanish strategy strength Swedish tactical tercios tion trace italienne Turks units Vauban victory Wallenstein walls wars
Page 15 - If the revolution in drill implied a more absolute subordination of the soldier's will to the command of a superior, it implied also an intelligent subordination. Henceforth it might not be the soldier's business to think, but he would at least be expected to possess a certain minimal capacity for thinking. The army was no longer to be a brute mass, in the Swiss style, nor a collection of bellicose individuals, in the feudal style; it was to be an articulated organism of which each part responded...
Page 131 - War, the War of the League of Augsburg, and the War of the Spanish Succession, Louis XIV attempted to establish personal control over Western and Central Europe.
Page 44 - Ages, the principal arm in any military force was the heavy cavalry, made up of fully armed knights on horseback, three hundredweight of mounted metal apiece, moving at speed.
Page 47 - ... the Emperor Charles V, it will be found that, for an equal number of men, three times as much money is necessary today as used to be spent then.52 And, thanks to the 'strategy of attrition' favoured by most commanders of the day, the money was required for far longer.
Page 74 - DuBois wrote at the opening of the fourteenth century, "[a] castle can hardly be taken within a year, and even if it does fall, it means more expenses for the king's purse and for his subjects than the conquest is worth.
Page 33 - Wallhausen, L'Art militaire pour I'lnfanterie, pp. 9-10. 67 There is a good discussion of the question in HJCvonGrimmelshausen, Simplicissimus the Vagabond [trans. ATSGoodrick] (1912), in chapters xvi-xvii : 'Who was the Imperialist John de Werth ? Who was the Swede Stalhans [ie Stalhandske] ? Who were the Hessians, Little Jakob and St Andre ? Of their kind there were many yet well known, whom . . . I forbear to mention'.
Page 51 - I knowe no other names than are given by strangers, because there are fewe or none at all in our language." It is not always easy, however, to draw the line between a word that is needed, because no equivalent term exists, and one which merely expresses more fully an idea that could be conveyed in some fashion with existing words. We can appreciate the feeling of a scholar for whom a familiar Latin word...
Page 248 - Sir Charles Oman, A History of the Art of War in the Sixteenth Century [London: Methuen, 1937], 140).
Page 136 - Dean of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences at the University of Illinois...
Page 40 - Engl. Diet. For the following illustrations of the word I am indebted to Mr. Bolton Corney ; " Their order is [in Spain], where the warres are present, to supplie their regiments, being in action, with the garrisons out of all his dominions and prouinces before they dislodge, besonios supplying] their places, raw men, as wee tearme them. By these meanes hee traines his besonios, and furnisheth his armie with trained souldiers.