The Military Revolution Debate: Readings On The Military Transformation Of Early Modern Europe

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Westview Press, May 31, 1995 - History - 400 pages
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The debate about the “Military Revolution” has been one of the most controversial and exciting areas of discussion and research in the fields of early modern European history and military history. Scholars have long sought to explain the massive changes in European military techniques and technologies that took place between the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the industrial age—changes that transformed the armies and navies of the West into the most powerful war-making entities the world had ever known.Historians have disagreed about and vigorously debated the importance of these changes for European politics, for the process of state formation, for the rise of the West, and for warfare itself. This book brings together, for the first time, the classic articles that began and have shaped this debate, adding important new essays by eminent historians of early modern Europe to further this important scholarly interchange. The contributors consider topics ranging from the battlefield to the gunmaker’s workshop, from England to India, and from the fourteenth to the eighteenth centuries. The Military Revolution Debate will be required reading for anyone interested in what is undoubtedly one of the hottest areas in military history today.
 

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Contents

The Military Revolution in History and Historiography
1
The Military Revolution 15601660 Michael Roberts
13
A Myth? Geoffrey Parker
37
The Military Revolutions of the Hundred Years War
55
A Military Revolution? A 16601792 Perspective
95
Recalculating French Army Growth During
117
The Military Revolution and the Professionalisation of
149
The Gonzaga
201
Tactics or Politics? The Military Revolution and
253
Money Money and Yet More Money Finance
273
Origins and First Tests Abroad
299
In Defense of The Military Revolution Geoffrey Parker
337
About the Book and Editor
367
Copyright

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Page 15 - If the revolution in drill implied a more absolute subordination of the soldier's will to the command of a superior, it implied also an intelligent subordination. Henceforth it might not be the soldier's business to think, but he would at least be expected to possess a certain minimal capacity for thinking. The army was no longer to be a brute mass, in the Swiss style, nor a collection of bellicose individuals, in the feudal style; it was to be an articulated organism of which each part responded...
Page 131 - War, the War of the League of Augsburg, and the War of the Spanish Succession, Louis XIV attempted to establish personal control over Western and Central Europe.
Page 44 - Ages, the principal arm in any military force was the heavy cavalry, made up of fully armed knights on horseback, three hundredweight of mounted metal apiece, moving at speed.
Page 47 - ... the Emperor Charles V, it will be found that, for an equal number of men, three times as much money is necessary today as used to be spent then.52 And, thanks to the 'strategy of attrition' favoured by most commanders of the day, the money was required for far longer.
Page 74 - DuBois wrote at the opening of the fourteenth century, "[a] castle can hardly be taken within a year, and even if it does fall, it means more expenses for the king's purse and for his subjects than the conquest is worth.
Page 33 - Wallhausen, L'Art militaire pour I'lnfanterie, pp. 9-10. 67 There is a good discussion of the question in HJCvonGrimmelshausen, Simplicissimus the Vagabond [trans. ATSGoodrick] (1912), in chapters xvi-xvii : 'Who was the Imperialist John de Werth ? Who was the Swede Stalhans [ie Stalhandske] ? Who were the Hessians, Little Jakob and St Andre ? Of their kind there were many yet well known, whom . . . I forbear to mention'.
Page 51 - I knowe no other names than are given by strangers, because there are fewe or none at all in our language." It is not always easy, however, to draw the line between a word that is needed, because no equivalent term exists, and one which merely expresses more fully an idea that could be conveyed in some fashion with existing words. We can appreciate the feeling of a scholar for whom a familiar Latin word...
Page 248 - Sir Charles Oman, A History of the Art of War in the Sixteenth Century [London: Methuen, 1937], 140).
Page 136 - Dean of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences at the University of Illinois...
Page 40 - Engl. Diet. For the following illustrations of the word I am indebted to Mr. Bolton Corney ; " Their order is [in Spain], where the warres are present, to supplie their regiments, being in action, with the garrisons out of all his dominions and prouinces before they dislodge, besonios supplying] their places, raw men, as wee tearme them. By these meanes hee traines his besonios, and furnisheth his armie with trained souldiers.

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About the author (1995)

Clifford J. Rogers is an Olin Fellow in Military and Strategic History at Yale University.

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