The Minoan pantheon: towards an understanding of its nature and extent
Religion and ritual were an important part of life on Minoan Crete although identifying and characterising the deities venerated is not an easy task. This study undertakes an examination of such deities through investigating religious activities and ritual artefacts, iconography and symbolism at a range of site types: settlements and houses, palaces, sanctuaries on hills, caves and rural sanctuaries. Defined by the period from the early Middle Minoan to the end of the Late Minoan period (c.2000-1000 BC), Marina Moss discusses the attributes and symbolism of various Minoan gods and goddesses, whilst also using comparative material from elsewhere to attempt to identify them and assess the degree and nature of foreign influence on Minoan deities.
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Section One Settlements and Houses
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Aegean altar Anemospilia animals appears associated Atsipadhes Korakias Ayia Triadha Bird Goddess bovine head Bronze Age Chadwick Cretan Crete cult dated Davaras decorated deities worshipped depicted Diktaean divinity double axe Driessen edited Egypt Egyptian Eileithyia Evans example Faure female figure figurines fragments fresco Gesell Goddess of Renewal Goddess-with-Upraised-Arms gods Gournia Guardian Hathor headdress horns of consecration iconography Idaean Cave Jouktas Karphi Kavousi Knossos kouros Late Minoan period Linear B tablets LM IB LM IIIB London MacGillivray male Malia Marinatos mason's marks Mountain Mother Mycenaean offerings Palace at Knossos Palaikastro Palaikastro kouros Patsos peak sanctuaries Peatfield Petsophas Phaistos Pillar Crypts Piskokephalo plaque pottery Psychro Religion religious rhyta rhyton rites ritual Room Rutkowski and Nowicki sacral Sakellarakis Sanctuaries on hills seal seems Settlements shrine Snake Goddess snake tubes solar Solar/Sky suggests Summary symbol Taweret terracotta Traostalos Vathypetro venerated votive Vrysinas Watrous Zakros Zeus