The Murder of Nikolai Vavilov: The Story of Stalin's Persecution of One of the Great Scientists of the Twentieth Century

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Simon and Schuster, May 13, 2008 - Biography & Autobiography - 416 pages
4 Reviews
In The Murder of Nikolai Vavilov, acclaimed journalist and author Peter Pringle recreates the extraordinary life and tragic end of one of the great scientists of the twentieth century.

In a drama of love, revolution, and war that rivals Pasternak's Dr. Zhivago, Pringle tells the story of a young Russian scientist, Nikolai Vavilov, who had a dream of ending hunger and famine in the world. Vavilov's plan would use the emerging science of genetics to breed super plants that could grow anywhere, in any climate, in sandy deserts and freezing tundra, in drought and flood. He would launch botanical expeditions to find these vanishing genes, overlooked by early farmers ignorant of Mendel's laws of heredity. He called it a "mission for all humanity."

To the leaders of the young Soviet state, Vavilov's dream fitted perfectly into their larger scheme for a socialist utopia. Lenin supported the adventurous Vavilov, a handsome and seductive young professor, as he became an Indiana Jones, hunting lost botanical treasures on five continents. In a former tsarist palace in what is now St. Petersburg, Vavilov built the world's first seed bank, a quarter of a million specimens, a magnificent living museum of plant diversity that was the envy of scientists everywhere and remains so today.

But when Lenin died in 1924 and Stalin took over, Vavilov's dream turned into a nightmare. This son of science was from a bourgeois background, the class of society most despised and distrusted by the Bolsheviks. The new cadres of comrade scientists taunted and insulted him, and Stalin's dreaded secret police built up false charges of sabotage and espionage.

Stalin's collectivization of farmland caused chaos in Soviet food production, and millions died in widespread famine. Vavilov's master plan for improving Soviet crops was designed to work over decades, not a few years, and he could not meet Stalin's impossible demands for immediate results.

In Stalin's Terror of the 1930s, Russian geneticists were systematically repressed in favor of the peasant horticulturalist Trofim Lysenko, with his fraudulent claims and speculative theories. Vavilov was the most famous victim of this purge, which set back Russian biology by a generation and caused the country untold harm. He was sentenced to death, but unlike Galileo, he refused to recant his beliefs and, in the most cruel twist, this humanitarian pioneer scientist was starved to death in the gulag.

Pringle uses newly opened Soviet archives, including Vavilov's secret police file, official correspondence, vivid expedition reports, previously unpublished family letters and diaries, and the reminiscences of eyewitnesses to bring us this intensely human story of a brilliant life cut short by anti-science demagogues, ideology, censorship, and political expedience.
 

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User Review  - Chris_El - LibraryThing

A Russian scientist, brilliant maintains a single of desire: to breed different varieties of plants from around the world that might help to end starvation. He found plants in different parts of the ... Read full review

LibraryThing Review

User Review  - kukulaj - LibraryThing

I have heard about Lysenko and his destruction of Soviet biology, but just little fragments. Vavilov was the leading enemy of Lysenko, at least that's the picture painted by this book. Vavilov was a ... Read full review

Contents

Introduction
1
Ukraine August 6 1940
9
Moscow december 1905
13
The Petrovka and katya
22
In darwins Library
35
Moscow Summer 1916
43
on the roof of the World 1916
51
revolution and Civil War
60
The red Professor
175
The Last expedition
180
Thunder and dragons
190
The Lysenko offensive
198
The Showdown
206
The Terror
215
Into the Pyre
223
Comrade Philosophers
232

The Gardener of kozlov
73
Lenochka
80
City of ravens
88
Ingots of Platinum
96
Afghanistan 1924
108
Abyssinia 1926
119
The Barefoot Scientist
130
The Great Break
143
State Security File 006854
154
The Passionate Patriot
160
A Modest Compromise
168
The Arrest
242
The Interrogation
253
return to Saratov
268
oleg Where Are You?
280
Vavilovs Ghost
290
Main events in the Life of Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov
307
Sources and Archives
313
Notes
317
Acknowledgments
347
Index
351
Copyright

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About the author (2008)

Peter Pringle is a veteran British foreign correspondent. He is the
author and coauthor of several nonfiction books, including the
bestselling Those Are Real Bullets, Aren't They? He lives in New York
City.

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