The 'Musica Instrumentalis Deudsch' of Martin Agricola: A Treatise on Musical Instruments, 1529 and 1545
CUP Archive, Jul 7, 1994 - Music - 194 pages
Martin Agricola (1486-1556) was an important early Lutheran musician and teacher from Saxony and his treatises were intended as textbooks in musical performance. Highly illustrated, they give practical instruction on a number of musical instruments, showing methods of fingering, tuning and notation. As such they are valuable sources of information about the study and performance of music in Germany in the early sixteenth century. The first Musica instrumentalis deudsch, written mostly in rhymed German verse and containing woodcut diagrams and depictions of musical instruments, appeared in 1529. It was modelled on the Musica getutscht (Basel 1511) of Sebastian Virdung, copying many of the woodcuts found in the earlier work and redefining its classification of musical instruments. A revised and almost completely rewritten edition of Agricola's treatise was published in 1545.
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1529 edition gives according Agricola alto Appendix applied bass beginning Blow bottom called chapter cited on fol column Concerning copies correct correctly corresponding course crumhorn derived deudsch diagram dividers Eitner edition example fiddles fifth fingering fingering charts flutes foldout follows four fourth fraction frets further given given incorrectly gives hammers hand higher highest holes identified illustration indicated intervals letters lower lute major margin means measuring method middle minor neck notation observe octave open string organ original pipes pitch placed play positions practice presented printed produced proportion reading recorders refers repeated reversed seems semitone shown sixth sound spans string symbols tablature tenor tenor-alto third transcription treatise treble tuning Virdung whole-tone wind instruments written