The Nazi Olympics
The 1936 Olympic Games were a political festival staged to show the superiority of Nazi ideology. Describes the modern history of the Olympics, the rise of Nazism, and Hitler's use of pageantry and of cinema in his rallies. Leni Riefenstahl's film "Triumph des Willens" ("Triumph of the Will") celebrated Aryan manhood at the Nuremberg rally of 1934 and reflected Nazi racial policy and the exclusion of Jews from sports (described on pp. 57-64). Pp. 69-81 discuss the American movement to transfer the games from Germany. After assurances that Jews would be allowed to compete, verified by the president of the American Olympic Committee, Avery Brundage, the U.S. decided to participate. A public movement (including Jews, Catholics, Protestants, and labor circles) was unable to convince the Committee to boycott the games as persecution continued in Germany, but some Jewish and Black athletes did boycott them.
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4oo-meter Adolf Hitler amateur American Olympic Committee American team ancient Athens August Avery Brundage became Berlin Olympics British camera Carl Diem ceremonies championship classical coaches competition contests crowd culture Diem's English festival field events Fiihrer film final finish flag French German German athletes German Olympic Committee German sport Germany's girl Goebbels gold medal Greek gymnastics Helen Helen Stephens Helene Mayer hero Ibid International Olympic Committee Japanese Jesse Owens Jewish Jews journalists jump leader Leni Riefenstahl Lewald marathon meet meters modern movie National Socialists Nazi Nazi Olympics Negro Nuremberg officials Olym Olympic Games Olympic record Olympic stadium Olympic team Olympic Village participants party patriotic performances Pierre de Coubertin played political race racial rally Reich reporters Rhineland runners Schmeling scoring spectators swimmers swimming third tion took torch track and field victor winner winter Games world record Xlth Olympiad York youth