The Nazi Occupation of Crete, 1941-1945

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 1995 - History - 248 pages
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This is the true story of an American youth, John Alexander, who, upon his high school graduation in 1940, joined his parents and his sister on a vacation to the Island of Crete to visit his father's parents. The vacation on this beautiful Mediterranean island was overshadowed by the war that spread southward from the European continent to engulf Greece and subsequently Crete in the first airborne invasion of an island fortress in modern military history. After a ten-day, hard-fought battle against the German invader, Crete lay conquered. However, Cretan resistance was so fierce that with the battle concluded, the Nazi conqueror was intent on punishing the entire Cretan population. From the first day of the occupation, the people of Crete suffered savage punitive reprisals for their heroic resistance to the barbaric Nazi invaders. Death squads went from village to village, executing hostages at random and burning entire communities. Two thousand civilians died at the execution wall in the first month of occupation alone. John's father maintained his neutrality as an American citizen during the invasion and the occupation that followed. However, one night, John's father hid three escaped British stragglers in his home until they could be safely escorted to the southern coast for evacuation. The Gestapo found out, entered the Alexander home, killed John's father, and threw the youth into prison to die. John escaped and fled to the mountains, but swore vengeance on the murderer of his father. The people of Crete continued their resistance through the Cretan Resistance Movement and with the aid of British and American military personnel of the SOE and the OSS. They banded together to form a resistance movement against the Nazis that set an example for all the conquered people of Europe to follow. This is a story of the stark reality of human endeavor and sacrifice, marked by acts of heroism of which little has been said and much less written.

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The Simvoulakis story is touching and alome makes this a memorable book.


The Hunters from the Sky
With Victory Comes Revenge
Fight to the Last Drop of Blood
The Baker Street Irregulars
Force 133 to Crete
Return to the Land of Minos
They Came from the Sea
Through the Front Door
A Change in Allegiance
The Kidnapping of a German General
The Flight to Safety
Politics Is the Object Battle Is the Means
The Confrontation

The Cavemen of Crete
The Moment of Truth
The Hinge of Fate

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About the author (1995)

G. C. KIRIAKOPOULOS is a Professor of Dentistry at Columbia University. He is a highly decorated combat veteran of World War II, and is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Great Britain. His first book, Ten Days to Destiny: The Battle for Crete, 1941 has been acclaimed internationally as the most authentic documentation of that battle by those who fought it.

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