The Near-Surface Layer of the Ocean

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VSP, Jan 1, 1992 - Science - 259 pages
This book treats the structure and variability of basic physical fields in a thin near-surface layer which responds quickly to all short-term and local fluctuations of atmospheric forcing and of radiative solar energy flux. The book contains up-to-date information on different phenomena and processes in this layer based on research conducted over the last ten years. The following topics are treated in detail: basic types of vertical thermal structure of near-surface layers; anomalous phenomena on the ocean surface; thermal and haline boundary layers, its structures and relations to convection; diurnal thermocline and cycle nature of related processes; effects of precipitation on near-surface salinity and thermal structure; peculiarities of near-surface ocean currents; coherent (organized) forms of non-stationary currents (mushroom currents or vortex dipoles, transversal jets in coastal upwellings, vortices and jets in marginal ice zones); some aspects of effectiveness of remote sensing of the ocean by aerospace technique.
 

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Contents

Object and methods of the investigation
1
The surface of the ocean and its anomalous conditions
23
ocean surface
47
The thermal boundary layer of the ocean and the primary
63
contribution of the thermal boundary layer to the overall
100
Characteristic features of water motion in the nearsurface
155
subarctic frontal zone by satellite data
203
The nearsurface layer and the effectiveness of remote sensing
209
References
245
Subject index
257
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