The New Social Contract: America's Journey from Welfare State to Police State
According to the Justice Department's National Crime Survey, the crime rate in the United States is lower today than it was when Nixon was in the White House. In spite of this, political leaders demand nationwide prison construction as a response to the "war on drugs" and to accommodate the results of the new "three strikes" law. At the same time, the gap between rich and poor is wider than ever and the needs of the "non-disruptive poor" are being ignored by the economic and political elites to the point of unprecedented homelessness. The author predicts this widening gap will prompt the return of 1960s-style civil turmoil which will lead to the end of the "war on drugs" and the emptying of hundreds of thousands of cells so the protesting poor can be plausibly threatened with incarceration.
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Address Unknown AFDC AFDC benefits AFDC check American argued arrest assault average Books New York budget Bureau of Justice California changes cities civil turmoil concluded convicted cost crime rate crime-prone age group criminal justice system criminologists cuts decades decrease Department of Justice drug offenders eligible expansion fear of crime federal food stamps Fourth Amendment funds homeless Ibid impact income increase inmates jail and prison Justice Statistics Washington law enforcement low-income housing major mandatory sentences mass media million Number Rate offenses officers parole percent percentage Piven and Cloward Piven-Cloward thesis placid poor police political poverty level prison population probable cause problem public fear rate of crime Regulating the Poor reported crime Richard Cloward sentence social contract social provision spending television three strikes law tion U.S. Department U.S. Supreme Court Uniform Crime Reports United urban riots victimization War on Drugs workfare
Page 5 - The point is not just that when a relief concession is offered up, peace and order reign; it is, rather, that when peace and order reign, the relief concession is withdrawn. The restoration of work through the relief system, in other words, makes possible the eventual return to the most restrictive phase in the cycle of relief-giving. What begins as a great expansion of direct relief, and then turns into some form of work relief, ends finally with a sharp contraction...