The Nordic Lights: New Initiatives in Health Care Systems
Anita Alban, Terkel Christiansen
Odense University Press, Jan 1, 1995 - Health & Fitness - 362 pages
The book includes contributions from all five Nordic countries, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. We see as the objective of the book to provide its audience with the information which makes it possible for professionals and decision makers at the policy level to get a better insight for assessing the Nordic way of going about the financing and organisation of the health services. For each country we have tried to provide the reader with a status quo description supplemented by new initiatives assessed by economists working in the health services in the individual country. The contributions focus on issues which in each separate country are found relevant, and therefore the issues dealt with are different from country to country. Through our work we have realised that there is not such a thing as one "Nordic approach" to the organisation and financing of health care. But in all countries there is a dominant tendency to provide health care through the public sector. The coverage of the population is universal and is financed through taxation. The political emphasis on equity means that private activity is limited. The quest for the holy grail in the form of a more efficient, still public dominated health service without selling out in terms of accessibility has begun, and within recent years a range of initiatives to promote change has taken place.
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The Provision of Health Care
Reformitis? Sceptical Remarks on the Dismal
21 other sections not shown
allocation allocative efficiency Anita Alban areas average behaviour cent central government choice clinical co-payment competition contracts Copenhagen costs county councils Culyer Danish demand Denmark departments DRGs efficiency equity financing system Finland Finnish funds Funen global budget Group 1 patients health care providers health care sector health care services health care system health centres Health Economics health insurance health services Helsinki hospital sector hospital services Iceland income increased individual Initiatives in Health municipalities national health national health service Nordic countries Nordic Lights Norway Norwegian number of patients nursing objectives Odense University Odense University Press OECD organisation organization outpatient payment system per-case personal doctor physicians planning political politicians population practice practitioners primary health primary health care priority setting private health production public health purchasers QALYs referral rate reform reimbursement responsibility role social specialist Stockholm subsidy Sweden Swedish health treatment