The North African Military Balance: Force Developments in the Maghreb

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CSIS, 2009 - History - 109 pages
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There is no military balance in North Africa in the classic sense of the term. Although rivalries and tensions persist among Algeria, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia, no state in the Maghreb now actively prepares for war with its neighbors, and the prospects of such conflicts are limited at best. Several countries have had border clashes in the past, and low-level incidents continue on the Algerian-Moroccan border. But none of these clashes has approached the point of serious conflict since these countries achieved independence in the 1950s and 1960s. Although several states in the Maghreb sent symbolic military support to past Arab forces in the Arab-Israeli conflict, these commitments have had no real military significance.Today, the military balance in North Africa consists largely of efforts to create forces that can maintain internal security, defend national borders, and enhance national prestige. Yet the states of North Africa are also adapting to the threats posed by terrorism, asymmetric warfare, and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.This comprehensive analysis examines the current force structures of Algeria, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia—their armies, navies, air forces, and paramilitary and security forces. The authors show that many of these forces have grown beyond their nations' abilities to fund the equipment, manpower, training, logistics, infrastructure, and sustainability needed to make them effective. Finally, the authors assess the future patterns and trends in military development in the region.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
RESOURCES AND FORCE TRENDS
3
THE MILITARY FORCES OF MOROCCO
24
MOROCCAN ARMY
25
MOROCCAN NAVY
28
MOROCCAN AIR FORCE
31
MOROCCAN PARAMILITARY AND SECURITY FORCES
35
THE MILITARY FORCES OF ALGERIA
41
LIBYAN NAVY
64
LIBYAN AIR FORCE
67
LIBYAN LANDBASED AIR DEFENSES
72
LIBYAN PARAMILITARY AND SECURITY FORCES
73
THE MILITARY FORCES OF TUNISIA
79
TUNISIAN ARMY
80
TUNISIAN NAVY
82
TUNISIAN AIR FORCE
83

ALGERIAN ARMY
43
ALGERIAN AIR FORCE
48
ALGERIAN NAVY
51
ALGERIAN PARAMILITARY AND SECURITY FORCES
53
THE MILITARY FORCES OF LIBYA
59
LIBYAN ARMY
61
TUNISIAN PARAMILITARY AND SECURITY FORCES
84
FUTURE PATTERNS IN MILITARY DEVELOPMENT
88
MAJOR TRENDS IN MAGHREB MILITARY FORCES
90
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
109
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About the author (2009)

Anthony H. Cordesman holds the Arleigh Burke Chair in Strategy at CSIS. Aram Nerguizian is a researcher with Burke Chair at CSIS.

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