## The North American Arithmetic: uniting oral and written exercises, in corresponding chapters. Part second |

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1-eighth 1-fifth 1-fourth 1-sixth 1-third acre acre of land amount answer barrels barrels of flour bought bushels called cents Change column common denominator contained corn cost decimal denominator distance divided divided equally dividend division divisor dollars dollars apiece earn equal example expressed farmer farthings feet figure fourths fraction gain gallons gave give given greater hand hogshead horse hour hund hundred inches interest lars MEASURE merchant miles months Multiply Note operation orange ounces paid pence perform piece pounds quarts quire quotient receive Reduce remainder rods RULE scholar SECTION sell share sheep shillings ship sold Solution spend standing Subtract sugar Suppose tens thing third thousand trader trees units week WEIGHT whole whole number wine worth write yards yards of cloth

### Popular passages

Page 171 - Multiply all the numerators together for a new numerator, and all the denominators for a new denominator: then reduce the new fraction to its lowest terms. 1. Reduce f of 5 to a simple fraction.

Page 157 - To reduce a mixed number to an improper fraction. Multiply the whole number by the denominator of the fraction, and to the product add the given numerator.

Page 101 - Observe, that the number which we multiply is called the multiplicand; the number by which we multiply is called the multiplier; and the number which we obtain by multiplication is called the product.

Page 131 - MEASURE is used by grocers and others, for measuring wine, oil, molasses, and most other liquids. 4 gills (gi.) make 1 pint. pt. 2 pints make 1 quart. qt. 4 quarts make 1 gallon. gal. 31^ gallons make 1 barrel. bl. 42 gallons make 1 tierce. tier. 63 gallons make 1 hogshead. hhd.

Page 139 - Place the remainder under the column added, and carry the quotient to the next column.

Page 170 - Divide the greater number by the less, and that divisor by the remainder, and so on ; always dividing the last divisor by the last remainder, till nothing remains ; the last divisor is the greatest common divisor required.

Page 108 - ... the 6 units; thus, 3 in 3, once; 3 in 9, 3 times; 3 in 6, 2 times. Observe in the above example, that the 3 which we first divide, means 3 hundred; and the 1 which we place under it means 1 hundred, showing that 3 is contained in 300, 100 times. The 9 means 9 tens, and the 3 which we place under it means 3 tens, showing, that 3 is contained in 90, 30 times. A Dividend is a number which is to be divided; such is the number 396 in the above example.

Page 184 - RULE. Multiply as in whole numbers, and from the right hand of the product point off as many figures for decimals as there are decimal places in both factors.

Page 111 - This 2 is a re 1Q 2 mainder; it shows that there are 2 hats, • which cannot be divided into eights. 55. How many sheep, at 4 dollars a head, can a butcher, who has 747 dollars buy; and how many dollars will he have remaining ? 56. If 5 yards of cloth will make a suit of clothes, how many suits can be made from 96 yards; and how many yards will there be over ? 57. How many times is 6 contained in 4637; and how many are there over ? 58.

Page 176 - Either ,multiply the numerator, or divide the denominator. To divide a fraction by a whole number, — Either divide the numerator, or multiply the denominator. When a number is multiplied by 1 , the product is equal to the multiplicand. Therefore, when a number is multiplied by a fraction, which is less than 1, the product must be less than the multiplicand. To multiply a whole number by a fraction, — Multiply by the numerator, and divide by the denominator.