The Observatory

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Editors of the Observatory, 1900 - Astronomy
 

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Page 354 - ... 1. Many thousands of unrecorded nebula? exist in the sky. A conservative estimate places the number within reach of the Crossley reflector at about 120,000. The number of nebulae in our catalogues is but a small fraction of this.
Page 354 - While I must leave to others an estimate of the importance of these conclusions, it seems to me that they have a very direct bearing on many, if not all, questions concerning the cosmogony. If, for example, the spiral is the form normally assumed by a contracting nebulous mass, the idea at once suggests itself that the solar system has been evolved from a spiral nebula...
Page 63 - Peters, of Altona, and by himself, that the elements of the orbit of the November meteors also agreed closely with those of a small comet which was discovered by M. Tempel at Marseilles on the 19th of December, 1865, passed its perihelion on the llth of January, 1866, and was found to be moving in an elliptic orbit with a period, like the meteors, of 33j years. It seems probable, indeed, that this comet was observed by the Chinese 500 years earlier, for their records contain accounts of two comets...
Page 50 - Latham has discussed the meteorological observations (including the temperature of the soil at the depth of 9, 20, 60 and 132 inches), made at the Colaba Observatory, Bombay, and has compared them with the number of deaths from plague during the recent epidemics in Bombay. He says that if the temperature of the air increases beyond the temperature of the ground, so that its dew-point is above the temperature of the ground, condensation takes place instead of evaporation. To this increased high temperature...
Page 455 - It was resolved unanimously that the Memorial should take the form of a Gold Medal, to be awarded from time to time by the Council of the Royal Meteorological Society, for distinguished work in connection with Meteorological Science. An Executive Committee was appointed, to take the necessary steps to raise a fund for that purpose. We have now much pleasure in stating that their appeal has been very heartily responded to ; not only by meteorologists, engineers, and representatives of other branches...
Page 453 - Openings are those places where, by the accidental removal of the luminous clouds of the sun, its own solid body may be seen ; and this not being lucid, the openings through which we see it may, by a common telescope, be mistaken for mere black spots, or their nuclei.
Page 173 - He was a wire -manufacturer, ironmaster, etc., but found time to develop an interest in many sciences — entomology, botany, geology, mineralogy, zoology, and, later, astronomy. He was a regular attendant at the meetings of the British Association. He did not publish any astronomical work, though for a number of years he constantly used his equatorial and transit. Several years before his death he vested these instruments in trustees for the benefit of the city of Liverpool They were originally...
Page 50 - The haze during this period was exceptionally dense, so much so that a steamer was two days and three nights on a voyage from Teneriffe to Las Palmas, a distance she usually covered in five hours ; while the Tintagel Castle, of the Donald Currie line, was delayed for thirty hours, and the Roslin Castle...
Page 152 - I should like to be allowed to say a word or two as to the striking volume that Sir William and Lady Huggins have VOL. XXIII. O presented to the Society. It is called an ' Atlas of Stellar Spectra,' a very leading feature in the book being plates of spectra, with which it is replete.
Page 124 - ... year ending November, 1899, was chiefly remarkable for its high temperatures, scanty rainfall, and splendid record of sunshine. The winter and summer were singularly warm seasons, while the autumn was also warm, but during the three spring months rather low temperatures prevailed. In the early part of the flowering season wild plants came into blossom in advance of their mean dates, but after March they were mostly late in coming into bloom. Taking the country as a whole, the best farm crop of...

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