The Open Polar Sea: A Narrative of a Voyage of Discovery Towards the North Pole, in the Schooner United States

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Cambridge University Press, May 10, 2012 - History - 502 pages
The Open Polar Sea was one of the most prevalent myths of nineteenth-century Arctic exploration. Several explorers had hypothesised a stretch of ice-free sea between Greenland and the North Pole, and several expeditions set out in search of it. One of these was planned and led by Isaac Israel Hayes (1832-81), an American physician and explorer. This account of the expedition, first published in 1866, was compiled from his journals. Having left Boston in a small schooner so overloaded with equipment that a passenger could lean over the deck rail and touch the sea, Hayes and his crew almost faced shipwreck off Nova Scotia and regularly saw their cabins flooded on their way to Greenland, where, in calmer weather, they encountered the first palatial ice floes. Written for the general reader rather than for scientific purposes, this book still serves as an accessible, entertaining guide to the voyage.
 

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Contents

Plan of the Expedition First Announcement Appeal to Scien
1
Leaving Boston At Anchor in Nantasket Roads At Sea
13
ANCHOR
15
AROHED ICEBERG
27
CHAPTER III
28
GBEENLANDER IN HIS KAYAK
34
CHAPTER IV
35
UPERNAVIK
43
CHAPTER XVI
212
CHAPTER XVII
222
THE ESQUIMAU HUT AT ETA
235
CHAPTER XIX
236
HEAD or WALRUs
247
CHAPTER XX
248
PORTRAIT or BIRDIE THE ARTIC Fox
250
CHAPTER XXII
255

CHAPTER V
44
SNOWFLAKE magnified three diameters
56
CHAPTER VI
57
SEAL on CAKE or IcE
67
CHAPTER VII
68
HEAD or A REINDEER
91
CHAPTER VIII
92
Ponr FOULKE
100
CHAPTER IX
101
SNOWFLAKE same as No 5
126
CHAPTER X
127
CnEsrER VALLEY snowmc ALIDA LAKE AND THE GLAoIER
136
CHAPTER XI
137
MY BROTHER JoIINs GLACIER FROM FIRST CAMP
148
CHAPTER XII
149
GROUP OF REINDEER
157
CHAPTER XIII
165
CHAPTER XIV
192
CHAPTER XV
200
SCIIOONER IN WINTER QUARTERS
211
Kalutunab returns An Esquimau Family The Family Prop
265
SoNNrAGs GRAVE _
276
CHAPTER XXIV
277
CHAPTER XXV
290
SNOWFLAKE same as No 5
296
CAMPING IN A SNOWBANK
297
CHAPTER XXVII
307
POLAR BEAR
314
CHAPTER XXVIII
315
Doc SLEDGE
321
HEAD on THE EsQuIMAv Doo OOSISOAK
332
CAPE Umon
352
24 A SKETCH
362
OBSERVATORY AT Pom FOULKE
375
SNOWFLAKE same as No 5
380
KALUTUNAH AND His FAMILY
395
HEAD or Ancno HARE
425
A SKETCH
438
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