The Performing Arts in a New Era

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Rand Corporation, 2001 - Art - 168 pages
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This book examines recent trends in the performing arts and discusses howthe arts are likely to evolve in the future. It is the first book to providea comprehensive overview of the performing arts, including analysis ofopera, theater, dance, and music, in both their live and recorded forms. Theauthors focus on trends affecting four aspects of the performing arts--audiences, performers, arts organizations, and financing--and offer a visionfor the future. The book discusses the implications of current and likelyfuture developments and considers public policy issues such as publicfunding for the arts.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
Approach
2
Organization of the Report
4
CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
5
Key Dimensions of the Performing Arts System
6
Art Form
7
Functional Components
9
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
11
Key Concepts
52
Sources of Data
56
Real Output
58
Programming
59
Current Picture
60
The Recorded Performing Arts
67
Key Trends
70
Patterns of Growth Differ by Sector and Discipline
71

New Methods of Funding
13
Greater Diversity and Participation
14
A Realignment in the Performing Arts System
15
AUDIENCES FOR THE PERFORMING ARTS
17
Levels of Participation
18
Characteristics of Participants
19
Current Patterns of Demand
20
Who Participates?
22
Why Do They Participate?
25
Key Trends
28
Growing Participation Through the Media
31
Consumer Desire for Greater Flexibility
33
Economic Changes
34
The Role of Technology
35
ARTISTS CREATORS AND PERFORMERS
37
Key Concepts
38
Data Sources
39
Current Picture
40
Employment
41
Career Dynamics
43
Key Trends
45
More Artists Fewer Job Opportunities
46
Intellectual Property Questions Created by New Technologies
48
CHARACTERISTICS OF PERFORMING ARTS ORGANIZATIONS
51
Nonprofit Performing Arts Venues Are Proliferating
73
Future Issues
74
Dynamism of Small VolunteerSector Performers
75
Impact of the Internet
76
FINANCIAL SITUATION OF PERFORMING ARTS ORGANIZATIONS
77
Key Concepts
78
Data Sources
80
Current Picture
82
Contributed Income Has Been Making Up the Difference
83
Key Trends
85
Private Contributions Have Been Climbing but Funding Practices Are Changing
87
Earned Income Has Been Stable and Costs Do Not Appear to Be Rising
89
Nonprofit Performing Groups Remain Under Financial Pressure
90
ForProfit Firms Also Face Increasing Financial Pressures
91
Organizations Are Using Multiple Strategies to Deal with Financial Pressures
92
Future Issues
103
Private Philanthropy
104
Emphasis on Earned Income
105
WHERE ARE THE PERFORMING ARTS HEADED?
107
Implications of the Performing Arts
110
Considerations for Policy
114
Recommendations for Future Research
120
Bibliography
125
Copyright

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Page iii - A recent government study concluded that 7 percent of all contributions to the arts comes from corporations.20 Certainly, catalysts for the change were the publications of the Rockefeller Panel Report, The Performing Arts: Problems and Prospects (1965), and the Twentieth Century Fund's report, Performing Arts: The Economic Dilemma, by William J. Baumol and William G. Bowen (1966). These studies described the expansion of the nonprofit professional performing arts in the United States, pronounced...

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About the author (2001)

Kevin F. McCarthy (Ph.D., Sociology, University of Wisconsin) is a senior social scientist at RAND who has led studies on the arts, immigration, and demographic issues.

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