The Physics of Atoms and Quanta: Introduction to Experiments and Theory

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Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 8, 2005 - Computers - 517 pages
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The highly positive affirmation and wide reception that this book continues to receive from professors and students ahke is the occasion for this 7th edition. Once again we have included a number of valuable suggestions for improvements, which we address as appropriate. In addition, we refer to a number of developments in atomic physics. Of these new developments in regard to exotic atoms, we mention antihydrogen in par ticular, because fundamental experiments in matter and antimatter can be expected in the future. Furthermore, we have inserted a chapter on the behaviour of atoms in strong elec trical fields. Experiments with corresponding lasers could only recently be realized. We thank our Jenaer colleague, R. Sauerbrey, for his contribution of this chapter. We have also included a new chapter on the behaviour of the hydrogen atom in strong magnetic fields. The results are of profound interest for two very different fields of physics: on the one hand, according to classical physics, one expects chaotic behaviour from Rydberg atoms in magnetic fields that can be created in the laborato ry; thus, an association can be drawn to aspects of chaos theory and the problems of quantum chaos. On the other hand, the very strong fields necessary for low quantum numbers are realized in the cosmos, in particular with white dwarfs and neutron stars.
 

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Contents

Isotopes
27
5
30
The Nucleus of the Atom
37
8
43
Orbital and Spin Magnetism Fine Structure 181
180
Problems
202
Quantum Mechanical Treatment 223
222
with SpinOrbit Coupling
232
The Laser 387
386
Problems
396
Problems
415
Problems
437
Fundamentals of the Quantum Theory of Chemical Bonding 439
438
A The Dirac Delta Function and the Normalisation of the Waveftmction
461
Solutions to the Problems
469
Bibliography of Supplementary and Specialised Literature
499

Atoms in an Electric Field
261
General Laws of Optical Transitions
295

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