The Physics of Atoms and Quanta: Introduction to Experiments and Theory
Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 8, 2005 - Computers - 517 pages
The highly positive affirmation and wide reception that this book continues to receive from professors and students ahke is the occasion for this 7th edition. Once again we have included a number of valuable suggestions for improvements, which we address as appropriate. In addition, we refer to a number of developments in atomic physics. Of these new developments in regard to exotic atoms, we mention antihydrogen in par ticular, because fundamental experiments in matter and antimatter can be expected in the future. Furthermore, we have inserted a chapter on the behaviour of atoms in strong elec trical fields. Experiments with corresponding lasers could only recently be realized. We thank our Jenaer colleague, R. Sauerbrey, for his contribution of this chapter. We have also included a new chapter on the behaviour of the hydrogen atom in strong magnetic fields. The results are of profound interest for two very different fields of physics: on the one hand, according to classical physics, one expects chaotic behaviour from Rydberg atoms in magnetic fields that can be created in the laborato ry; thus, an association can be drawn to aspects of chaos theory and the problems of quantum chaos. On the other hand, the very strong fields necessary for low quantum numbers are realized in the cosmos, in particular with white dwarfs and neutron stars.
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The Nucleus of the Atom
Orbital and Spin Magnetism Fine Structure 181
Quantum Mechanical Treatment 223
with SpinOrbit Coupling
The Laser 387
Fundamentals of the Quantum Theory of Chemical Bonding 439
A The Dirac Delta Function and the Normalisation of the Waveftmction
Solutions to the Problems
Other editions - View all
absorption alpha particles angle atomic nucleus Balmer series beam Bohr calculated Chap coefficients collision components constant corresponding Coulomb coupling deﬂection density determined diffraction dipole Dirac direction eigenfunctions eigenvalue electric field electromagnetic electron emission emitted energy levels example excited expectation value experiment experimental factor ﬁeld field B0 field strength frequency function Hamiltonian harmonic oscillator hydrogen atom hyperfine integral intensity ionisation ions isotope kinetic energy Lamb shift laser light magnetic field magnetic moment magnetic quantum mass measured molecules motion normalisation nuclear charge nucleus observed obtain operator optical orbital angular momentum photon polarised position potential energy principal quantum principal quantum number quantisation quantum mechanical quantum theory radiation radius resonance result Rydberg Rydberg atoms scattering Schrodinger equation Sect shell shown in Fig sodium solution spectral lines spectrum spin spin-orbit splitting Stark effect structure tion transitions vector velocity wave wavefunction wavelength x-ray Zeeman effect zero