The Physics of Energy

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Cambridge University Press, Jan 25, 2018 - Science - 874 pages
The Physics of Energy provides a comprehensive and systematic introduction to the scientific principles governing energy sources, uses, and systems. This definitive textbook traces the flow of energy from sources such as solar power, nuclear power, wind power, water power, and fossil fuels through its transformation in devices such as heat engines and electrical generators, to its uses including transportation, heating, cooling, and other applications. The flow of energy through the Earth's atmosphere and oceans, and systems issues including storage, electric grids, and efficiency and conservation are presented in a scientific context along with topics such as radiation from nuclear power and climate change from the use of fossil fuels. Students, scientists, engineers, energy industry professionals, and concerned citizens with some mathematical and scientific background who wish to understand energy systems and issues quantitatively will find this textbook of great interest.
 

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Contents

Introduction
3
Mechanical Energy
11
Electromagnetic Energy
27
Waves and Light
56
Heat and Thermal Energy
69
Heat Transfer
88
Introduction to Quantum Physics
109
Entropy and Temperature
136
Solar Production and Radiation
422
Solar Radiation on Earth
432
Solar Thermal Energy
446
Photovoltaic Solar Cells
465
Biological Energy
494
Ocean Energy Flow
514
A Highly Variable Resource
531
The Basics
556

Energy in Matter
162
Thermal Energy Conversion
183
Internal Combustion Engines
203
Phasechange Energy Conversion
219
Thermal Power and Heat Extraction Cycles
235
The Forces of Nature
263
Quantum Phenomena in Energy Systems
279
An Overview of Nuclear Power
291
Structure Properties and Decays of Nuclei
299
Fission and Fusion
323
Nuclear Fission Reactors and Nuclear Fusion Experiments
342
Ionizing Radiation
372
Energy in the Universe
404
Wind Turbines
577
Hydro Wave Tidal and Marine Current Power
591
Geothermal Energy
620
Fossil Fuels
645
Energy and Climate
681
Past Present and Future
709
Energy Efficiency Conservation and Changing Energy Sources
741
Energy Storage
775
Electricity Generation and Transmission
800
Appendix A Notation
830
Units and Fundamental Constants
842
Index
857
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About the author (2018)

Robert L. Jaffe holds the Morningstar Chair in the Department of Physics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He was formerly director of MIT's Center for Theoretical Physics and recently chaired the American Physical Society's Panel on Public Affairs. Jaffe is best known for his research on the quark substructure of the proton and other strongly interacting particles, on exotic states of matter, and on the quantum structure of the vacuum. He received his B.A. from Princeton and his Ph.D. from Stanford. In recognition of his contributions to teaching and course development at MIT, Jaffe has received numerous awards including a prestigious MacVicar Fellowship. Jaffe is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Washington Taylor is a Professor of Physics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and is currently the Director of MIT's Center for Theoretical Physics. Taylor's research is focused on basic theoretical questions of particle physics and gravity. Taylor has made contributions to our understanding of fundamental aspects of string theory and its set of solutions, including connections to constraints on low-energy field theory and observable physics and to new results in mathematics. Taylor received his B.A. in mathematics from Stanford and his Ph.D. in physics from University of California, Berkeley. Among other honors, Taylor has been an Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellow and a Department of Energy Outstanding Junior Investigator, and has received MIT's Buechner faculty teaching prize.

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