The Physics of Glaciers

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Academic Press, Jun 18, 2010 - Science - 704 pages
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The Physics of Glaciers, Fourth Edition, discusses the physical principles that underlie the behavior and characteristics of glaciers. The term glacier refers to all bodies of ice created by the accumulation of snowfall, e.g., mountain glaciers, ice caps, continental ice sheets, and ice shelves. Glaciology—the study of all forms of ice—is an interdisciplinary field encompassing physics, geology, atmospheric science, mathematics, and others. This book covers various aspects of glacier studies, including the transformation of snow to ice, grain-scale structures and ice deformation, mass exchange processes, glacial hydrology, glacier flow, and the impact of climate change. The present edition features two new chapters: “Ice Sheets and the Earth System and “Ice, Sea Level, and Contemporary Climate Change. The chapter on ice core studies has been updated from the previous version with new material. The materials on the flow of mountain glaciers, ice sheets, ice streams, and ice shelves have been combined into a single chapter entitled “The Flow of Ice Masses.
  • Completely updated and revised, with 30% new material including climate change
  • Accessible to students, and an essential guide for researchers
  • Authored by preeminent glaciologists
 

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Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction
1
Chapter 2 Transformation of Snow to Ice
11
Chapter 3 GrainScale Structures and Deformation of Ice
29
1 Overview and Regimes
91
2 Surface Ablation and Energy Budget
137
Chapter 6 Glacial Hydrology
175
Chapter 7 Basal Slip
223
Chapter 8 The Flow of Ice Masses
285
Chapter 11 Reaction of Glaciers to Environmental Changes
453
Chapter 12 Glacier Surges
511
Chapter 13 Ice Sheets and the Earth System
541
Chapter 14 Ice Sea Level and Contemporary Climate Change
575
Chapter 15 Ice Core Studies
611
A Primer on Stress and Strain
675
Index
683
Color Plates
701

Chapter 9 Temperatures in Ice Masses
399
Chapter 10 LargeScale Structures
429

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