The Physiology of Fungal Nutrition
The nutrition of a vegetative fungal colony can be viewed as a web of interconnected processes. In this volume, the author provides a mechanistic basis to the subject, focusing on processes at the plasma membrane, considering the modulating effects of the fungal wall and describing the fate of nutrients entering the fungus. The major emphasis is physiological, but biomechanical and molecular biological information has been drawn upon as appropriate to reflect the power of the multifaceted approach and encourage such further study. A comprehensive review of what is known for the more commonly studied fungal species is complemented by information on other fungi to provide an indication of the diversity of nutritional processes that exist in the fungal kingdom.
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1 Primary active transport
2 The relationship between membrane transport and growth
3 Walls and membranes
4 The vacuolar compartment vacuole
10 Potassium and other alkali metal cations
11 Multivalent metals required or toxic
12 Organic acids
13 Water relations and salinity
14 Nutrient movement within the colony
9 Growth factors
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accumulation acid transport activity aﬂinity amino acid ammonia anaerobic arginine Aspergillus nidulans ATPase Borst-Pauwels calcium Candida carbon carrier cations cell wall cellulose chrysosporium compounds concentration culture cytoplasmic degradation dehydrogenase derepression effect enzyme ethanol evidence fermentation Figure ﬁlamentous fungi ﬁrst ﬂow ﬂux function fungal fungi fungus gene glucose transport glutamate glutamine glycerol gradient growing growth rate hyphae increased inﬂux inhibition intracellular involved ions Jennings Journal of Bacteriology kinetics lignin lipid metabolism Microbiology molecular molecules mutants mycelium mycorrhizal NADH Neurospora crassa nitrate nitrogen nutrient organic acids osmotic potential oxidised pathway Penicillium peptides phosphate phosphorus phosphorylation plant plasma membrane polypeptide polyphosphate potassium presence production protein proton protoplasm reductase repression rhizomorphs Saccharomyces cerevisiae shown siderophores signiﬁcant Slayman solutes species speciﬁc studies substrate sugar sulphate sulphur symport synthesis Table thiamine tonoplast translocation transport system turgor turgor potential uptake utilisation vacuolar vacuole water potential wild-type xylose yeast zinc