The Political Economy of Decentralization in Sub-Saharan Africa: A New Implementation Model in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, and Senegal
Bernard Dafflon, Thierry Madies
World Bank Publications, Dec 28, 2012 - Political Science - 340 pages
For the past two decades, experiments in decentralization and federalization have been developing in Africa, Asia, and the formerly communist states of Eastern Europe. Many of the powers previously in the hands of the central government or its deconcentrated structures have been transferred to lower government layers. Additionally, local governments are gradually emerging as development actors. Whatever the reasons for decentralization, the transfer of new functions to local governments can be substantive, at least in intent. The Political Economy of Decentralization in Sub-Saharan Africa offers a new policy-oriented implementation model, applied systematically in parallel in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, and Senegal. The book studies the individual countries and compares similar issues based on the same blueprint. The analysis is not intended to assess whether the chosen decentralization model is the right one, which does not exist. Rather, it examines decentralization achievements in specific national settings and compares those achievements with the announced objectives. The divergences revealed enable decision makers to choose appropriate directions for country reform. This method does not transpose textbook solutions to the states. The reference framework offers an analytical approach contextualized to each country that integrates not only economic arguments, but also sociopolitical ones. The authors propose an analytical guide founded on political and institutional economy. They analyze decentralized policies that help stakeholders to identify the issues, point out stumbling blocks, and ensure coherent decisions on decentralization. The book is an asset to all those involved in negotiating and implementing approaches to decentralization.
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Accra administrative allocated analytical guide areas arrondissement assigned authorities Bobo-Dioulasso budget autonomy budgetary Burkina Faso capital central government central government’s CFAF classiﬁcation constitution councillors DACF Dafflon Dakar decentralization process decentralized local governments deconcentrated Decree deﬁned deﬁnitions delegated développement devolution devolved District Assemblies donors economic Edward Elgar elected expenditure FECL ﬁgure ﬁnance Financial ﬁnancial autonomy ﬁnancial transfers ﬁrst ﬁscal Fiscal Federalism ﬁve framework functions Fund Ghana Government Act grants Guédiawaye implementation infrastructure institutional investment Kenya LATF levied maintenance mayor ment million Ministry MLGRDE MMDAs municipal council Nairobi ofﬁce ofﬁcials operating organization Ouagadougou Participation percent plans political population rates regional responsibilities revenue rural communes Senegal share speciﬁc tax base taxation Territorial Collectivities tiers tion town University of Fribourg urban communes World Bank