The Political Power of Protest: Minority Activism and Shifts in Public Policy
This book demonstrates the direct influence that political protest behavior has on Congress, the presidency, and the Supreme Court, illustrating that protest is a form of democratic responsiveness that government officials have used, and continue to draw on, to implement federal policies. Focusing on racial and ethnic minority concerns, this book shows that the context of political protest has served as a signal for political preferences. As pro-minority rights behavior grew and anti-minority rights actions declined, politicians learned from minority protest and responded when they felt emboldened by stronger informational cues stemming from citizens' behavior, a theory referred to as the "information continuum." Given the influence that minority protest actions have wielded over national government, the book offers a powerful implication. Although the shift from protest to politics as a political strategy has opened the door for institutionalized political opportunity, racial and ethnic minorities have neglected a powerful tool to illustrate the inequalities that exist in contemporary society.
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activity address minority addressed race afﬁrmative action African American agenda anti—minority Asian American attention Bakke beneﬁts chapter Chicano movement citizens civil rights movement Congress congressional leaders consider contentious continuum of information decisions Democratic districts Doug McAdam ethnic minority concerns executive orders facing the nation federal ﬁgure ﬁrst governmental response grievances hearings ical ideal point Ideology indicate individual inﬂuence information continuum informative minority protest informative protest issues of race ity protest justices Latino LCCR scores legislation liberal majoritarian McAdam measure ment minority issues minority laws minority political protest minority protest actions number of minority offer ofﬁce ofﬁcials percent policies political actions political behavior political protest behavior politicians president presidential action presidential responsiveness pro—minority protest continuum score protest informs public opinion race—related racial and ethnic racial issues representative’s representatives riots Rodney King roll—call votes salience Sidney Tarrow signals speciﬁc Statistical Signiﬁcance Supreme Court tion total number understanding Union address voiced