The Politics of Ethnic Survival: Germans in Prague, 1861-1914
The German-speaking inhabitants of the Bohemian capital developed a group identification and defined themselves as a minority as they dealt with growing Czech political and economic strength in the city and with their own sharp numerical decline: in the 1910 census only seven percent of the metropolitan population claimed that they spoke primarily German. The study uses census returns, extensive police and bureaucratic records, newspaper accounts, and memoirs on local social and political life to show how the German minority and the Czech majority developed demographically and economically in relation to each other and created separate social and political lives for their group members. The study carefully traces the roles of occupation, class, religion, and political ideology in the formation of German group loyalties and social solidarities.
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affairs anti-Semitism Austria Bohemian capital Bohemian Lands Böhmen burghers Catholic census chapters Cisleithania Count Taaffe cultural Czech and German Czech language Czech national Czech nationalists Czech-German Czech-speaking decline Deutsche Deutschen directors districts early economic elections elite employees ethnic and national ethnic defense everyday language Forchheimer Franz Schmeykal German associations German Bohemia German Casino German Club German community German group German minority German national German nationalists German public German-speaking German-speaking population Germans in Prague Geschichte group loyalties Habsburg Monarchy Handworkers idem identity industrial interests Jewish Jews Josef Josefov Karlín Kiesslich lawyer liberal associations liberal community liberal groups liberal notables lower-middle-class Malá strana membership merchant middle-class movement municipal organizations parishes percent police report Prag Prague Germans Prague’s radical nationalists Reichsrat residents Smíchov social and political Social Democrats SÚA Praha suffrage urban Verein Vienna Vinohrady völkisch groups völkisch movement voluntary associations workers Young Czech Young Czech Party