The Politics of the Rope: The Campaign to Abolish Capital Punishment in Britain, 1955-1969
This illuminating broad-based political and cultural study presents the definitive account of the campaign to abolish capital punishment in the period 1955-69. It comprises a work of contemporary history exploring the theme from a number of angles, both pro and contra, which have not been covered so extensively before. From the sphere of governmental and parliamentary politics, to the relevant pressure groups, to the role of the mass media, to the significance of the different churches, and the influence of professional bodies, such as those representing the police and prison officers, the book skilfully identifies their interaction with one another. It examines the effect on the campaign of fluctuations in public opinion, and of controversial murder cases such as those of Timothy Evans, Derek Bentley, Ruth Ellis and James Hanratty, which in turn often informed the state of public opinion The work sets the campaign in the context of the social and cultural ferment of the era (the advent of the permissive society), and contrasts the fortunes of the movement with those of other "conscience issues," such as the legalisation of abortion, homosexual law reform, divorce liberalisation and the abolition of theatre censorship. It seeks to account for the success of the campaign within a relatively short time span in the face of intense public antipathy and a concerted effort by various elements of the establishment to thwart its fulfilment. It asks why the campaign succeeded when so many others facing lesser institutional obstacles failed, and it asks why it succeeded when it did and in the way it did, and considers whether the success of the campaign can be accounted for by the Zeitgeist. On one level it is a study of the politics of social reform, but at a deeper level it is a study of the way in which social trends feed through into political action at the parliamentary level, and illustrates the process of policy formation in the area of private members legislation and free votes where "party" has voluntarily taken a back seat.
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A Brief History of the Capital Punishment Controversy
Abolitionist Pressure Groups
The Political Parties
Official Bodies and Professional Associations
The Homicide Act and After 19571964
The Print Media
Radio and Television
Cinema and Theatre
Abolition and After 196569
The Retentionists Strike Back
The Campaign in Context
abolished Abolition Bill abolition of capital abolitionism abolitionist abortion amendment argued backbench BBC Written Archives Bishop Block and Hostettler British Butler Cabinet campaign capital murder capital punishment Christoph Church Chuter Ede clause Committee Commons Conservative MP Conservative Party controversy convicted crime criminal Daily death penalty debate December Derek Bentley deterrent Duncan Sandys effect election enquiry evidence execution favour February film free vote Gardiner Gerald Gardiner Gollancz Gowers hanging Hanratty HC Deb Home Office Home Secretary Homicide Act homosexual Howard League ibid issue John July Justice Labour government Labour MP Labour Party law reform legislation Liberal London majority Minister miscarriages murder rate NCACP November offence Parliament Parliamentary political politician poll prison officers private members bill pro-hanging programme public opinion question reprieve retentionist Roy Jenkins Royal Commission Ruth Ellis Sandys papers Scott Henderson second reading sentence Silverman bill stance Sydney Silverman television Timothy Evans Tory