The Pottery Figurines of Pre-Columbian Peru: The figurines of the north coast
Pre-Columbian pottery figurines from Peru occur in astonishingly large numbers in museum and private collections. However in the published literature they generally occupy a place of also ran. The reason for this may be thatbecause of their scarcity in controlled excavationstheir potential importance has been undervalued. The main purpose of this work therefore has been to fill this gap in the archaeological record by presenting a Corpus of Peruvian pottery figurines. This volume analyses material from the north coast of Peru and two subsequent volumes are planned to cover the central coast and the southern coast. For each geographic area the figurine groups are presented in chronological order. The periods covered are: The Preceramic Period; The Formative Period (subdivided into: The Lower or Early Formative, also known as Initial Period, The Middle Formative, incorporating the Early Horizon, The Epiformative, straddling Lumbrerass Upper Formative and the beginning of the Early Intermediate Period); The Early Intermediate Period; The Middle Horizon; The Late Intermediate Period; The Late Horizon or Inca Period. Each figurine is listed on a Table, containing all the relevant data (collection, site provenance, sex, measurements, surface colour, manufacturing technique, special features and reference to publications) and illustrated on a Plate. The analytical part lists the group characteristics and discusses special features, links with other groups, context, geographic distribution and chronology of each group or sub-group. Additional data are presented in four Appendices: Appendix 1: Gives details about specific museum collections (acquisition of figurines, reliability of given provenances, etc.). Appendix 2: Describes some of the sites, with the location of successive excavations, dating of features etc. Appendix 3: Lists and briefly describes all the recorded gravelots containing figurines. Appendix 4: Quotes references to idols found in the chroniclers.
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Table of Contents
The Geographic and Chronological Frame
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2ale 2uaca airholes appliqued atypical beads blackware body burial Casma valley Central Coast ceramic Chancay Chicama Chimu figurines Chimu Group Chimu Sub-Group chin Chronology colour context culture Cupisnique dated to Moche decor Donnan ear-plugs ears Epiformative excavated eyes female fragments Gallinazo genital triangle grave Gravelot headdress Hecker hollow Huaca incised hair Jequetepeque Kroeber Lambayeque Larco Lima Ma.e Manufacture Method MH Group MH-LIP Middle Horizon Mlack Moche figurines Moche Group Moche Sub-group modelled mold-made molded mouth Museum NC MH NC-MH neck necklace North Coast Northern Sector nose painted pendants perforated personage Peru Piura Plate pottery provenance punctated reicsea rounded head Salinar Santa Valley semi-circular separate legs shoulders shows Sican Sican culture similar Special Features specimens Standard Figurines style Table Tembladera Terracotta Terracotta tresses tumpline tunic Uhle umbilicus unverifiable vessels Viciis Vicus Viru Viru valley vulva waist ware wear