The Psychology of Visual Illusion

Front Cover
Courier Corporation, 1998 - Science - 290 pages
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A wealth of theories and knowledge about visual illusions receive a lucid and illuminating treatment in this richly illustrated book, an indispensable resource for students and researchers. Some 240 drawings, comprising one of the largest collections of visual illusions in one volume, offer examples of such phenomena as geometrical optical illusions (since this type of illusion is central to the topic, the treatment here is especially thorough), figural after-effects, illusions in the perception of depth and distance, illusions of movement in stationary displays, and illusions caused by moving stimuli.
In addition to articulate and thought-provoking commentaries on reports from the psychological literature, this volume offers an enlightening, well-rounded perspective on the countless ambiguities of visual display, with particular emphasis on geometricaloptical framing and contrast effects, distortion of angles and direction, and the apparent "movement" of images.
Ideal as an adjunct text in undergraduate psychology courses, the book assumes a knowledge of elementary visual anatomy, physiology and perceptions; however, most of the arguments and descriptions are self-contained and can be understood by themselves.
Besides its immense value for students, this volume will also, of course, appeal to anyone with an interest in the physiological and psychological mechanisms underlying the optical illusions that dazzle the eye and challenge our notions of reality and perception.

 

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LibraryThing Review

User Review  - keylawk - LibraryThing

Presents information and theory on visual illusions, in a somewhat reference-work manner. The bias or influence on perceptional decisions by such feelings as hunger, emotion, and expectancy are beyond ... Read full review

User Review - Flag as inappropriate

Esta es realmente una pequeña "biblia" de las ilusiones ópticas geométricas. Vienen detalladas todas con fecha y autor, incluyendo las numerosas versiones de muchas de ellas. En mi opinión, no es un libro destinado a la divulgación, más bien es para aquellos que quieran adentrarse un poco más a fondo en el mundo de las ilusiones ópticas. 

Contents

Preface to the Dover Edition
9
Preface
11
Acknowledgments
13
INTRODUCTION
15
THE GEOMETRICAL OPTICAL ILLUSIONS I
19
The classification of illusions
20
The MullerLyer effect
24
The Ponzo illusion
34
THEORIES OF THE GEOMETRICAL OPTICAL ILLUSIONS
137
Theories which propose retinal mechanisms
138
Eyemovement theories
142
Piagets theory
143
Virsus theory
148
The theory of Kohler and Wallach applied to illusions
149
Ganzs theory
150
Gregorys theory and other theories involving apparent distance
152

Contrast illusions in sections of a divided line
38
Other linear contrast effects
41
The Delboeuf illusion and the Titchener circles
44
Illusions in filled and unfilled extents
49
Misjudgement of area
52
The moon illusion
55
THE GEOMETRICAL OPTICAL ILLUSIONS
63
The Orbison figures
72
The Poggendorff illusion
76
Simple angular figures
80
Orientation analysers and the perception of angles
86
Illusions of direction
91
Other illusions
96
Bisection of the height of a triangle
100
Unbounded figures
102
Errors in lining up the edges of two figures
104
THE GEOMETRICAL OPTICAL ILLISIONS III SOME SUBJECT VARIABLES AND SOME SPECIAL STUDIES
105
Crosscultural studies of optical illusions
109
Illusions in animals
113
Illusions viewed under the stereoscope
114
Illusions involving subliminal stimuli
116
FIGURAL AFTEREFFECTS
118
Kohlers figural after effects
120
Shortcomings of Kohlers satiation theory
124
Are Gibsons and Kohlers aftereffects different?
125
Other theories of figural aftereffects
129
Visual aftereffects of head and body tilt
134
Theories based on a simple hypothetical relationship
162
Adaptionlevel theory
166
ILLUSIONS OF DEPTH AND DISTANCE
169
Illusions of depth and distance in stationary displays
170
Illusions of depth and distance in moving displays
179
ILLUSIONS FROM BRIGHTNESS CONTRAST
195
Reversed contrast
196
Mach bands and perception contours
198
ILLUSIONS OF MOVEMENT FROM STATIONARY STIMULI
206
The Oculogyral and oculogravic illusions
211
Illusions of movement during fixation
213
Illusions of movement in repetitive patterns
214
ILLUSIONS FROM MOVING STIMULI
219
Induced movement
222
Illusions and aftereffects in moving patterns
224
ILLUSIONS FROM STIMULI IN RAPID SEQUENCE
234
Dynamic visual noise
240
The general effects of stroboscopic illumination
242
Subjective colours
243
The fluttering hearts phenomenon
250
Epilogue
253
Appendix to the Dover Edition
255
Bibliographical references
257
Index of authors
281
Index of subjects
288
Copyright

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Page 269 - Magnitude of the moon illusion as a function of the age of the observer', Science, 1959, 130, 569.
Page 258 - bedentende Drehung von Objekten bei Neigung des Kopfes nach rechts oder links', Virchows. Arch. Path.
Page 264 - Towards a new explanation for the geometrical Illusions: I. The properties of contours which induce illusory distortion',
Page 260 - The influence of optical aberrations on the magnitude of the
Page 265 - Comments on the inappropriate constancy scaling theory of illusions and its implications', Quart,

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