The Radicalization of Diasporas and Terrorism: A Joint Conference by the RAND Corporation and the Center for Security Studies, ETH Zurich, Volume 229

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Rand Corporation, 2007 - Political Science - 41 pages
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Over the past two years, certain Diaspora communities, frustrated with a perceived war against the Muslim world, have turned against their adopted homelands, targeting the government and its people by supporting terrorist attacks against Western countries through recruitment, fundraising, and training. Critical issues include incidents that prove these communities will indeed attack their adopted homelands; that recruits come from converts to Islam, first-generation migrants disaffected with their new society, and second-generation failed assimilations; that Diasporas create financial lifelines to propagandize, recruit, raise funds, procure weapons, and that they lobby their adopted governments to pressure the government of their country of origin. Second- and third-generation immigrants who oppose their home governments represent adversaries almost impossible to profile. Many share a growing sense of aggrievement and frustration with a perceived war against the Muslim world by the West, fueled by events in Iraq, Palestine, and the Balkans. The challenge is to identify emerging threats in Diaspora communities, but to avoid alienating these groups and becoming forced to follow only reactive policies with regard to this growing threat.
 

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Contents

CONFERENCE SUMMARY
1
DORON ZIMMERMANN CSSTERRORISM DIASPORAS AND THE EU RESPONSE
4
PAUL BAGGULEY AND YASMIN HUSSAIN LEEDS UNIVERSITYNONMUSLIM RESPONSES TO THE 7TH JULY BOMBING IN LONDON A...
7
DISCUSSIONTHE FOLLOWING WAS DISCUSSED AFTER THE MORNING PRESENTATIONS
12
BERTO JONGMAN DUTCH MINISTRY OF DEFENSETERRORISM AND DIASPORAS IN THE NETHERLANDS
13
STEWART BELL NATIONAL POSTTERRORISM AND DIASPORAS IN CANADA
19
FRANÇOIS HAUT UNIVERSITÉ PANTHÉONASSAS PARIS IITERRORISM AND DIASPORAS IN FRANCE
23
MIKE WHINE COMMUNITY SECURITY TRUSTTERRORISM AND DIASPORAS IN THE UK
25
DISCUSSIONTHE FOLLOWING WAS DISCUSSED AFTER THE AFTERNOON PRESENTATIONS
29
JOCELYNE CESARI HARVARD UNIVERSITYTERRORISM AND DIASPORAS IN THE UNITED STATES
30
KEN MENKHAUS DAVIDSON UNIVERSITYAFRICAN DIASPORAS DIASPORAS IN AFRICA AND THE TERRORIST THREAT
34
ROHAN GUNARATNA IDSSAL QAIDA AND DIASPORAS
37
DISCUSSIONTHE FOLLOWING WAS DISCUSSED AFTER THE MORNING PRESENTATIONS
40
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About the author (2007)

Bruce Hoffman has been studying terrorism and counterterrorism for more than three decades and has been an adviser to the U.S. and other governments and businesses.

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