The Raising of Intelligence: A Selected History of Attempts To Raise Retarded Intelligence
The history of attempts to raise the intelligence of mentally retarded individuals is wrought with controversy. Spanning the years from 1800 to the present, this book offers a critical review of the methods and philosophy behind these efforts. A fascinating contribution to the long-standing debate on the malleability of intelligence and the influence of heredity and environment.
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Chapter 2 EARLY ATTEMPTS AT REHABILITATION
Chapter 3 DISILLUSION AND OVERREACTION
Chapter 4 INTELLIGENCE TESTS AND THE HERITABILITY AND IMMUTABILITY OF MENTAL RETARDATION
Chapter 5 EARLY INTERVENTION AND COMPENSATORY EDUCATION
Chapter 6 THE DISTURBING CASE OF THE MILWAUKEE PROJECT
Chapter 7 BEHAVIOR MODIFICATIONTHE RETURN OF RADICAL EMPIRICISM
Chapter 8 MEDICAL INTERVENTION
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assessment average behavior behaviorists Binet brain child claims cognitive control group correlations culturally deprived developmental differences Down’s syndrome early intervention effect of glutamic empiricist environment environmental evaluation evidence experiment experimental children experimental group feeble-minded Feuerstein foster fragile X syndrome functioning gain Garber gence genetic given glutamic acid Goddard grade Head Start Heber homes improve infant inﬂuence initial institution intellectual intelligence tests IQ points Itard Journal of Mental later learning Marva Collins mean IQ measure Mental Deﬁciency mental retardation methods Milwaukee Project Montessori Montessori method months mothers normal orphanage parents patients performance period placebo polywater preschool programs procedure produced psychology raise intelligence reliable reported retarded children retarded individuals retarded intelligence retarded persons retest Schmidt scores Séguin senses sensory skills Skodak social Stanford—Binet subjects subtests teacher teaching theory therapy tion treatment Victor Visual Perception Wechsler