The Relation of Ability and Self-Knowledge: Introducing Neuro-Psychological Evidence to a Philosophical Debate
Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Philosophy - Theoretical (Realisation, Science, Logic, Language), grade: 1,0, Otto-von-Guericke-University Magdeburg (IPHI), course: Social Cognition, language: English, abstract: The Essay discusses the relevance of Wittgensteinian arguments to the contemporary externalism-internalism debate on mental states as argued by William Child in his 2006 essay "Wittgenstein’s externalism: Context, self-knowledge and the past." Child's central claim considered in the essay at hand is that certain types of abilites (such as mastery of a language and calculating) require self-knowledge of same sort, while others (such as swimming) do not - a point that has also been made by Michael Dummett. Drawing on case studies provided by Hans J. Markowitsch (including the famous patient E.D.), it is argued that this claim does not hold against the indication of empirical evidenve and the dissociation of memory systems and therefore the impact of Wittgenstein's thoughts on the debate remains unproven.
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ability to calculate ability to speak able to respond able to understand actually practiced applying the rules claim condition for knowing correctly to instructions corresponding sorts dissociation of memory entitled to know episodic knowledge episodic memory essay existence fact following a rule Foundations of Mathematics German National Library given in Italian GRIN Harry Potter ibid instructions given intentions Italian language language or calculating line of thought Markowitsch mathematical mental content modern perception necessary condition one’s particular ability patient E.D. person Philosophical Debate philosophy of mind playing chess possible practiced this ability Private Language Psychogenic amnesia Putnam react correctly relevance of Wittgenstein’s require Response to Objection retrograde amnesia rules of chess section 3.2 semantic and episodic semantic knowledge Semantic Memory someone sort of externalism sorts of knowledge speak a language special ability iff suggests thought experiment understand a language verbal William Child Wittgenstein’s argument Wittgenstein’s conditions Wittgenstein’s externalism