The Repeal of Reticence: A History of America's Cultural and Legal Struggles Over Free Speech, Obscenity, Sexual Liberation, and Modern Art
This striking study of America's battles over what we can decently say and do in public traces how and why principled debate about the character of our common world has been displaced by a new kind of public noise. Rochelle Gurstein offers a brilliant history of the arguments made for and against the forces - invasive journalism, realist fiction, and sex reform - that altered public discourse between the late nineteenth century, when they first appeared, and the 1960s, when new controversies erupted about mass culture, avant-garde art, and sexual liberation. Now the public sphere is dominated by rights talk, by puritan-baiting, and by knee-jerk liberalism or illiberalism. Is this the best we can do? Gurstein gives a detailed account of how the "party of exposure" successfully opened American public life to matters that had once been hidden away in private, and studies the unexpected consequences of that victory. And she retrieves a way of thinking, wrongly discredited as "Victorian, " that could in fact move us beyond our stalemates over what should and what should not be said or done in public. Once, Americans influenced by the "party of reticence" held that if personal matters were exposed to public scrutiny they risked becoming trivial or obscene; they thought that any indiscriminate display of private matters deformed standards of taste and judgment, lowered the tone of public conversation, and polluted public space. Ms. Gurstein's penetrating analysis suggests that we must reconsider these positions, and she establishes the vital connection between our legal-cultural history and current debates about obscenity, privacy, and issues of public decency.
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TASTE AND THE COMMON WORLD
THE RETICENT SENSIBILITY AND THE VALUE
THE DISCOURSE OF EXPOSURE AND THE VALUE
THE DEFEAT OF THE CONSPIRACY OF SILENCE
THE DEFEAT OF GENTILITY
THE LEGAL DEBATE ABOUT THE RIGHT TO PRIVACY
THE LEGAL DEBATE ABOUT OBSCENITY
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advertising aesthetic American Anthony Comstock argued artist avant-garde birth control Bourne Brandeis and Warren censor censorship century Charles Eliot Norton civilized claim Clor common Comstock comstockery concern court debate decency defendant democracy Dennett Dreiser E. L. Godkin Ernst and Seagle essay experience expression Ezra Heywood free speech freedom Godkin H. L. Mencken Hicklin Test Howells human Ibid indecent individual insisted intellectual intimacy intimate invasive journalism James journalists judgment Kinsey Report kitsch Krutch language Law Review liberal Lippmann literary literature Lockhart and McClure Margaret Sanger mass culture matters Mencken modern Morris Ernst Moses Harman newspapers nineteenth-century novel obscenity obscenity law party of exposure party of reticence political popular pornography protection published Puritan readers realist reticent sensibility right to privacy Schroeder Sex Radicals sex reformers sexual shame social society Sontag standards taste things thought trials University Press values Victorian virtue vulgar writers York