The Rhetoric of Empire: Colonial Discourse in Journalism, Travel Writing, and Imperial Administration
The white man's burden, darkest Africa, the seduction of the primitive: such phrases were widespread in the language Western empires used to talk about their colonial enterprises. How this language itself served imperial purposes--and how it survives today in writing about the Third World--are the subject of David Spurr's book, a revealing account of the rhetorical strategies that have defined Western thinking about the non-Western world.
Despite historical differences among British, French, and American versions of colonialism, their rhetoric had much in common. The Rhetoric of Empire identifies these shared features—images, figures of speech, and characteristic lines of argument—and explores them in a wide variety of sources. A former correspondent for the United Press International, the author is equally at home with journalism or critical theory, travel writing or official documents, and his discussion is remarkably comprehensive. Ranging from T. E. Lawrence and Isak Dineson to Hemingway and Naipaul, from Time and the New Yorker to the National Geographic and Le Monde, from journalists such as Didion and Sontag to colonial administrators such as Frederick Lugard and Albert Sarraut, this analysis suggests the degree to which certain rhetorical tactics penetrate the popular as well as official colonial and postcolonial discourse.
Finally, Spurr considers the question: Can the language itself—and with it, Western forms of interpretation--be freed of the exercise of colonial power? This ambitious book is an answer of sorts. By exposing the rhetoric of empire, Spurr begins to loosen its hold over discourse about—and between—different cultures.
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absence aesthetic aestheticization affirmation Africa Albert Sarraut Algerian France American Arab authenticity authority body British Calcutta calls civilization classification colo colonial discourse colonial rule colonial situation colonialist Congo Conrad's consciousness context created critical cultural dark Darwin defined Derrida desire Didion difference El Salvador established ethnographic European Foucault French gaze Gide Heart of Darkness human ideal identity ideology imagination Indian inherent journalism journalistic Kipling landscape language Lawrence's literary Lugard metaphor metonymic modern moral narrative nations native nature negation nial non-Western world nothingness object Orient political position postcolonial present primitive principle question race reality relation representation represented rhetorical rhetorical modes role Rousseau Salvador savage scene sense sexual simply social society South Vietnam space Stanley Stanley's story structures Susan Sontag symbolic T. E. Lawrence takes Tasaday Third World tion tradition transformation tribe Vietnam Vietnamese vision West Western writing white man's burden