Right to Dissent: The Critical Principle in Discourse Ethics and Deliberative Democracy
The right to dissent includes both the right to speak of what is right and wrong and the moral obligation to give good reasons for a particular statement. In a modern democratic society the right to dissent is one of the most fundamental rights. Inherent in the right to dissent, we find the paradoxical morality of modern society, which consists of a critical assessment of what should be deemed right or wrong. The right to dissent has to be secured through the civil rights of participation in political deliberation and the cultivation of these legal rights in the public spheres of a deliberative democracy. The ethics of dissent is developed in this book through a new interpretation of the German philosopher JŘrgen Habermas? communicative ethics and his political philosophy. Freedom, the right to dissent, and thoughtful critique are emphasized in the concept of negative discourse ethics. This critical perspective is integrated in a broader interpretation of Habermas? theory of communicative action and related to the classical traditions of political philosophy represented by Plato, Aristotle, Kant, Hegel, Kierkegaard, and Rawls. ějvind Larsen further develops the philosophical perspective in a sociological discussion of civil society, public spheres, politics, law and a globalizing society, considered in relation to the classical tradition of sociology ? represented by Marx, Weber, Durkheim, Horkheimer, Adorno, Marcuse, Bauman, Foucault, and Bourdieu.
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abstract according to Habermas according to Hegel Adorno Apel Aristotle Bauman becomes Bourdieu categorical imperative challenges of social Christianity city-state civil society communicative action communicative ethics concept connection constituted context create critical theory critique decisive significance democratic developed differentiation discourse ethics Entzweiung ethical order ethical problems ethical relationship ethical theories ethics in modern ethics of responsibility Ethik existential forms of ethics formulated Foucault freedom fundamental global Habermas’s theory Hegel Hegel’s philosophy hermeneutics Horkheimer human idea important thing individual individual’s insofar institutionalized justice Kant Kant’s ethics Kantian Kierkegaard Kommunikation legal positivism legitimacy Luhmann Marx Marx’s mediation modern society moral order negation Nein‑sagen‑K÷nnen norms particular person perspective Philosophy of Right Plato point of view political philosophy positive possible practice public spheres rational relationship reproduction of modern social ethics social order sociological point sociology of law takes theory of communicative tion totalitarian tradition ultimately universal ethical utilitarianism validity Weber