The Rise and Decline of the State

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Cambridge University Press, Aug 26, 1999 - History - 439 pages
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The state, which since the middle of the seventeenth century has been the most important of all modern institutions, is in decline. From Western Europe to Africa, many existing states are either combining into larger communities or falling apart. Many of their functions are likely to be taken over by a variety of organizations that, whatever their precise nature, are not states. In this unique volume Martin van Creveld traces the story of the state from its beginnings to its end. Starting with the simplest political organizations that ever existed, he guides the reader through the origins of the state, its development, its apotheosis during the two World Wars, and its spread from its original home in Western Europe to cover the globe. In doing so, he provides a fascinating history of government from its origins to the present day. This original book will of interest to historians, political scientists and sociologists.
 

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Contents

Before the state prehistory to AD 1300
1
Tribes without rulers
2
Tribes with rulers chiefdoms
10
Citystates
20
Empires strong and weak
35
Limits of stateless societies
52
The rise of the state 1300 to 1648
59
The struggle against the church
62
Disciplining the people
205
Conquering money
224
The road to total war
242
The apotheosis of the state
258
The spread of the state 1696 to 1975
263
Toward Eastern Europe
264
The AngloSaxon experience
281
The Latin American experiment
298

The struggle against the Empire
75
The struggle against the nobility
87
The struggle against the towns
104
The monarchs triumph
118
The state as an instrument 1648 to 1789
126
Building the bureaucracy
128
Creating the infrastructure
143
Monopolizing violence
155
The growth of political theory
170
Inside the Leviathan
184
The state as an ideal 1789 to 1945
189
The Great Transformation
191
Frustration in Asia and Africa
315
What everybody has
332
1975
336
The waning of major war
337
The retreat of welfare
354
Technology goes international
377
The threat to internal order
394
The withdrawal of faith
408
beyond the state
415
Index
422
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